1POSCI2: Introduction to Comparative Politics(online)Midterm ExamDirectionsYour midterm exam will consist of one essay question (from a choice of two) and will cover the material we have studied thus far.This is an open-note (but closed colleague)exam, and all work must be your own. You are required to integrate course materials in your response. You are also encouraged to draw on credible outside sources to supplement your answers, though these are not required for successful completion of the exam. Your answer must state your thesis and be supported with relevant information (including specific examples, material from assigned course readings, material from other online course resources, and/or credible outside sources that you have identified onyour own).The following essay prompts will enable you to demonstrate your understanding of the theoretical concepts and past and present realities in topics in comparative politics.Your conclusions should follow logically from the information you have presented in your essay.Any quotations, specific information, and ideas drawn from outside sources (include course materials) must be cited and referenced in APA format or some other standard citation format.Your essay should be approximately 1,500 words in length, not including references. It should be double-spaced, with 1-inch margins, and in a standard 12-point font.Be sure your essay includes an introduction, body, and conclusion. Cite sources and provide proper references.As you compose your work, save it frequently. Be sure to check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors before you upload it; the writing quality and polish in your submitted essays counts. Be sure to submit your essay exam in one document and place it in the “MidtermExam” folder in the Political Science 2 course page in turnitin.com.Your essay will be graded on a 100-point scale. Your essay will be evaluated based on evidence of critical thinking and analysis, integration of course concepts, evidence of mastery of course concepts, accuracy of the information provided, essay organization, and quality of writing (including proper citation of sources).Note: Any plagiarized essays will result in an ‘F’ for the assignment.
2Essay 1Comparativists have long debated how to measure state strength. How would you define a strong versus weak state, and what are some ways to measure state strength? Explain how you would collect data on state strengthif you were to go “into the field” and determine whether a country has a strong state. Apply your ideas to at least two country cases. Present your ideas and argument in an essay of approximately 1,500 words. Cite course readings and outside sources as appropriate.Essay 2California has become an independentcountry!As a knowledgeable and thoughtful citizen of this new country, you have been called in to advise on the kind of democratic institutions the government should have. First, would you allow referenda or initiatives? What are they, and why would you be in favor or against allowing them? Second, propose a legislative-executive system (or “model of democracy”) and electoral system for California’s new democracy. In your recommendations, point out someadvantages and disadvantagesof each system that you recommend. Comment on why you recommend your chosen democraticinstitutions over alternatives. Cite real-world country examples of these systems, either positive or negative, as evidence in support of your recommendations. Present your ideas and argument in an essay of approximately 1,500 words. Cite course readings and outside sources as appropriate.