As this is a course in environmental geology, you will need to address the geologic aspects of the earthquake as well as the effects that the event had on people. Some questions you should consider, but are certainly not limited to are:
• When and where did it occur?
• What type of plate boundary did it occur at (the tectonic setting)?
• Focal depth
• The fault that the event occurred on (which may have a name separate from the plate boundary)
• The amount of displacement and length of rupture
• The frequency of earthquakes in the region,
• The magnitude and/or intensity of the earthquake
• Any other geologically pertinent information
Effects on people:
• The hazards associated with the quake (e.g.- liquefaction, fires, landslides, etc.)
• The damage that ensued
o Types of damage
o Cost of damage
• If the earthquake was particularly destructive, why was this the case? If not, what was responsible for minimizing destruction (e.g. it was in a remote location, it had a small magnitude, structures were earthquake resistant, most structures were on stable bedrock, etc.)
• What was learned from this earthquake? What were the long-term impacts of this earthquake? Is it likely to occur again?
• What were the social and financial impacts? Global impacts? Contributions to science? Contributions to new warning systems, earthquake codes, etc.?
Your paper should be 1500-1600 words, double-spaced, in 12-pt font and in an appropriate style (Times New Roman, etc.). A list of references (minimum of 5) with appropriate in-text citations will be required. Use either GSA or APA style for citations and references and formatting.
• Title of paper should be centered (you can use a title page if you want, but not required)
o Should have a heading: Introduction (that is centered and Bold)
o Should introduce the topic without going into specifics and details. What is your topic, main points or concerns, why it is important, significant, etc.
o Should be no more than 5 or 6 sentences long.
• Organize your paper into paragraphs that each have a clear topic.
o Each paragraph or section should have a heading that is Capitalized (first letter of each word), in Bold, and centered on the page.
o If you are using Subheadings for the main sections of your paper these are Capitalized, in Bold, and left-aligned.
• Need a brief conclusion: a separate paragraph that reiterates important points without introducing new material. As with the Intro, it should be short, but meaningful. What did we just learn? Why is this important? Why was this topic significant?
This is a scientific paper and should be written to reflect this style. This means that you should:
• Not use 20 words to say something when 10 will do.
o Be clear and concise in your writing.
• Avoid informal phrases such as: “Have you ever wondered why …?”
• Avoid colloquialisms, slang, or other informal expressions.
• Avoid references to “you” (the second person). For example: “When you look at…”
• Proofread your paper!!! Please don’t hand in a paper riddled with spelling and grammatical errors.
• No direct quotes! I know, that’s rough, but the point of the paper is to demonstrate that you understand the topic.
References and Citations
• 5 reliable sources are required for this research paper
o This is a minimum requirement but does not necessarily guarantee that you did enough research. That will be determined by the quality of the sources, not the quantity.
o You are ultimately responsible for deciding what is reliable, but you can ask me if you have questions.
• You must include a Reference Page as the last page of your paper
o Sources must be appropriately referenced using APA style
o This link has a very thorough explanation of APA style referencing: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10/
o Your paper must also include in-text citations.
▪ All researched info should have an in-text citation at the end of it (so most of the paper).
▪ Citations will go at the end of the sentence or paragraph, depending on how much info you got from that single source (This was discussed in class).
• Appropriate use of references and in-text citations is critical for success on this paper. Incorrect use can be construed as plagiarism (something we all desperately want to avoid!). Please see me if you have questions about your works cited page or in-text citations.
• Plagiarism in any form will result in a minimum of a 0 on your paper and will be reported to the University with the possibility of further academic sanctions.
• ***Plagiarism includes the obvious forms, such as turning in work that is not your own, copying from online or print sources. It is also considered plagiarism if you do not correctly and accurately reference and cite all sources and information.
• Avoid direct quotes whenever possible, which is almost all cases. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that you have gained an understanding of a particular topic and are sufficiently versed in it to discuss in in your own words. Direct quotes will result in a loss of points. (The only exception to this rule is in personal accounts, but these should be kept to a minimum).
• The term paper must be an original for this class, meaning that you cannot submit a paper that has been or will be submitted to another class. This should be your own work (obviously) and you are expected to work independently.
My Professor uses Turnitin to check plagarism.