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A Peer Response must be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. DO NOT use of references. Word count is greater than 75 words or at least 5 sentences in length. Statements like “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the words or sentences. Please respond to each 6 discussion questions . Divide 550 word count equally between these 6 responses.
Discussion question/Participation #1
Girls that are more at risk for teenage pregnancy include girls that go through puberty at a young age, have a mother who was a teenage mom, no father present, and being a minority. Other risk factors are teens that are from families with lower education levels and lower socioeconomic status. Low parental supervision is also a precursor to teenage pregnancy. (Hendrick et al., 2017). Many things come into play as to reasons why a teenager becomes pregnant, but anyone of childbearing age who is having sex could be become pregnant.
Becoming is a program in Minnesota that aids three counties. The program is for pregnant or parenting teens and young adults, ages 12-26. They offer home visits and a connection to resources, such as finding housing, parenting classes, and counseling. It’s a way to help young families and their children stay healthy. Another teen pregnancy resource in Minnesota is called Gloria’s Place. Gloria’s is an emergency shelter located in Minneapolis. They serve pregnant or parenting teens ages 15-17 and their children ages 0-3. They help with food, clothing, and support. (PSI-MN, n.d.).
In Minnesota, teen pregnancy rates have had a major drop since 1990. From 1990 to 2018, teen pregnancy has decreased by 76% for 15–19-year-olds. In just 2017 to 2018, there has been a 13% decrease in teen pregnancy. In 2010, the number of pregnant girls less than 15 years old was 89, ages 15-17 was 1,479, ages 18-19 was 3,872. In comparison, in 2018, the number of pregnant girls less than age 15 was 33, ages 15-17 was 586, and ages 18-19 was 1,910. The decrease is thought to be because of increased and better use of birth control and a later start for sexual activity.
Discussion question/Participation #2
Risk factors for teenage pregnant mothers include the increasing risk for preeclampsia, miscarriages, neonatal complications including death, stillbirths, low birth weight, sids and anemia of the mother. (n.d.). Increased risk factors include lower socioeconomic status, lack of education, peer pressure to have sex and lack of positive environment.
In the state of Missouri the teen pregnancy rate is 20.3 out of 1000 teenagers will become pregnant. (n.d.). In my area which is St Louis city the rate is around 40 out of 1000.
One of the programs here is called better family life teen pregnancy prevention program . This program works within the community to educate teenagers regarding sexual health, prevention of pregnancy, counseling services, safe places to go and resources to overall better their future outcomes and decisions. They focus primarily on the public school systems and private school systems. (n.d.).
Discussion question/Participation #3
Adolescent pregnancy is a high-risk situation because it poses severe health risks for both the mother and the baby. The leading risk of adolescent pregnancies in modern society includes lack of sex education, lack of adequate knowledge about sex and contraceptives, poor school performance, low self-esteem, and early engagement in sexual relationships (Leftwich & Alves, 2017). In the U.S, adolescent pregnancy is an issue that attracts the attention of both the national and state governments; thus, various states and communities have resources and strategies to address this problem. The National Conference of State Legislatures is a non-governmental organization in the U.S that addresses adolescent pregnancies and the possible ways of mitigating the problem. Moreover, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also address the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy by programs, such as sex education among adolescents and innovation activities to keep the adolescents busy.
For the past 10 years, teen pregnancy in Florida has been steadily declining due to the government’s initiatives to stop the menace. During this period, the state government has revamped its services to ensure that adolescents are engaged in school activities that keep them busy. Moreover, other government initiatives include sex and sexuality education, education on contraceptive use and family planning devices, and promotion of girl-child education (Cordner, 2017). Education is the only tool that a country or government can use to mitigate the increased number of adolescent pregnancies. It promotes equality and gives all the students a sense of worth after completing the studies.
Discussion question/Participation #4
Apart from adolescent pregnancy, individuals in this stage of development also face external stressors that can adversely affect their life and well-being. Therefore, adolescents need advocates for their lives both at school and at home to ensure they grow and develop towards a good direction. The external stressors can have devastating effects, such as mental illness, physical illness, and suicide (McInroy et al., 2020). The common external stressors for adolescents include academic stress and peer pressure. Most adolescents are of the school-going age; thus, they experience stress that comes with strict academic demands. Adolescents often want to have exemplary performances in their education to impress both the parents and teachers; nevertheless, for some, this may be a tall order. Therefore, some adolescents may engage in activities, such as excess reading and spending much time in the library without any positive results. In addition, the teens undergo peer pressure as they grow and develop to become adults in the community. Most adolescents spend their time with their peers from various social classes and cultural backgrounds; therefore, they often strive to undertake their peers’ activities and lifestyles from different social classes, which results in unimaginable outcomes of non-acceptance.
The most common risk-taking behaviours resulting from the adolescents’ external stressors include drug and substance abuse, peer pressure, school drop, juvenile delinquency, adolescent pregnancies, and death (Sandal et al., 2017). The pressure to conform to peers make the adolescents engage in theft as a source of income. Both the parents and teachers should collaborate to ensure that adolescents have the best education services and avoid external stress.
Discussion question/Participation #5
External stressors in adolescents/teenagers could be related to their home environment safety, school relationships, divorcing/separated parents and demanding activities. The one positive thing adolescents do have is their school systems support however if they are unaware of the resources available to them they will not get assistance. Every school has counselors, teachers, nurses, social workers that can be used as a resource. Many in this age group will not seek any kind of assistance related to the negativity from their peers for seeking assistance.
Risk taking behaviors children engage in could include an increase in peer pressure drug or alcohol use, sexual relationships, suicide and dropping out of school. Educating this age group on ways to manage stress to include taking on small tasks instead of taking on to much, availability of resources for them to talk to, proper sleep, adequate diet, setting realistic goals and building trust with them. Educating adolescents regarding the negative effects and how drugs/alcohol can change their lives. Public education within the school systems and offering support for them at home regarding sexual health and well being may assist them with gaining trust in an adult whether it is their parent or someone in their school.
Discussion question/Participation #6
Adolescence is a time of physical and psychological change, as well as a time of growing independence. The relationships teens form with their peers become very important and can be a huge contributing factor in the choices a teen makes: what their friends think is particularly influential. Sometimes teens will act a certain way to fit in. This includes how they act when they drive. Distracted driving has been shown to occur due to secondary tasks. These tasks include interacting with a passenger, talking or singing without a passenger, a distraction outside the vehicle, and dialing or texting a phone. The research points toward heavy parental involvement in encouraging safe driving habits (Gershon et al., 2017).
There is also a lot of pressure. Pressure to get good grades, do well in sports, get into a good college…the list goes on. One thing adolescents may turn to stay alert is energy drinks. And sometimes they may add alcohol, Adderall, or Ritalin to their energy drinks. The number of ER (Emergency Room) visits involving energy drinks have risen over the last few years. Due to the prevalence of this problem, some even consider it a public health issue. Energy drinks can cause tachycardia, hypertension, obesity, and other medical problems, and when combined with alcohol or other drugs, the effects can be severe. Energy drinks easily accessible and are sometimes even encouraged by parents or coaches. Education about the harmful effects of these drinks is a necessity (Bhaskar, 2015).
The nurse can play a vital role in decreasing risky behaviors. Education; encouraging parental support; encouraging healthy coping techniques such as exercising, deep breathing exercises, and journaling; encouraging open communication; and the parent leading by example can all help the child cope more effectively with stressors. Sometimes the teen just needs to know they are loved, and even if they don’t seem to want to hear it, the parent needs to communicate it anyway!! Sometimes help beyond the parent is needed, and letting the child know it’s okay to see a professional therapist or someone of that capacity is essential (Boys and Girls Clubs of America, n.d.).