ACCT 2119 Accounting business & organisation

ACCT2119 Accounting, Behaviour and Organisations
Assessment 1 – Semester 1, 2016
A Handwritten Card, Signed and Sealed by the Latest Technology
Eilene Zimmerman
The New York Times 17 Dec. 2015[1]
Communication today is faster and more ephemeral than ever. We fire off emails, skip the punctuation in our texts, and watch our photos and messages vanish in seconds on Snapchat.

Digital tools have made communicating with others easier but not necessarily more thoughtful, and this bothered Sonny Caberwal, an entrepreneur. “We’re in a rush to make everything disappear,” he said.
Receiving a physical, handwritten thank-you note or letter these days feels special, but it also requires some work. “You have to assemble all the pieces,” Mr. Caberwal said — including paper, a pen, the recipient’s address, an envelope and a stamp — and then the note has to be written and mailed, all of which is time-consuming. He wanted to enable people to do that more easily, by harnessing technology to create a product that still felt very personal and worth keeping.
His company, Bond, harks back to a time of fountain pens, creamy sheets of writing paper and wax-sealed envelopes. Mr. Caberwal, founder and chief executive of the New York City start-up, describes it as “the opposite of Snapchat.” Bond was started in 2013, and has about 50 full-time employees and several high-profile backers, like Gary D. Cohn, the president of Goldman Sachs, and the rapper Nasir Jones (known as Nas).
Although handwritten notes and cards may seem like artifacts of the 20th century, greeting cards are still a strong business. According to the Greeting Card Association, Americans purchase about 6.5 billion cards a year and annual sales are estimated to be $7 billion to $8 billion. Despite a culture awash in digital communications, the greeting card and stationery industries have not declined precipitously but have remained largely flat, said Patti Stracher, director of the National Stationery Show, an annual trade show and business event for stationery, greeting card and gift companies. “One could say the digital age has grown connectivity and expanded the reasons for other forms of personal communication, for a tangible, experiential connection,” she said.
At the Greeting Card Association’s annual convention in October, nearly every presentation included a discussion of the intersection of digital technology and traditional greeting cards, said Carlos LLansó, the organization’s president. “We’re actually finding that social media gives people another opportunity to identify card-worthy occasions,” he said. “You can’t save a Facebook birthday message and put it in a drawer.”
That overlap of digital and traditional is where Bond lives. The company built its own writing machine, which can produce personalized notes for every customer. Designed by the company’s chief technology officer, Kenji Larsen, the machines have robotic arms that can hold a pen, a paintbrush or a marker. The paper is moved around using static electricity — rather than a roller — so it stays pristine, with no wrinkles or marks. Bond also seals each envelope with wax, adds postage and mails it.
Customers can choose from a variety of handwriting styles, or they can have their own handwriting copied and digitized for $500. Each customer’s original signature is uploaded to Bond via smartphone, to be used on cards and notes. Customers also upload recipients’ addresses. If an address is unknown, the service will send an email or text message to the recipient asking for it. An invitation-only premium service, Bond Black, costs $1,200 a year and provides clients with a personalized mobile app to send notes in their own handwriting on custom stationery.
Many of Bond’s biggest customers are commercial, including Fortune 500 companies, nonprofits, and small independent businesses like professional services firms and real estate brokers.
“Companies spend $23 billion on customer relationship management tools to understand and have a more personal relationship with their customers. We are the physical implementation of that,” Mr. Caberwal said.
One Bond client, a Fortune 500 retailer, tested the service by sending personalized thank-you notes to some of its best customers. Those customers, Mr. Caberwal said, ended up spending, on average, $16 more each month after receiving the thank-you note and returned 33 percent less merchandise.
Mr. Caberwal followed an unusual path on his way to starting Bond. He was a corporate lawyer, played percussion with the band Thievery Corporation, founded a tea store, modeled for Kenneth Cole and, with his wife, started the online fashion company in India. That company was acquired by the Indian e-commerce marketplace Flipkart. By that time he, his wife and their young daughter were back in New York, and Mr. Caberwal was looking to start another company. “That’s really what I know how to do best,” he said, “build e-commerce companies.”
Bond now has 200 robotic writing machines in its Manhattan facilities (although the machines are manufactured at a plant it owns in Rhinebeck, N.Y.), and it also produces its own stationery. The company raised “a few million” in seed funding, Mr. Caberwal said, and is in the midst of an effort to raise $3 million. By the end of the year, Bond expects to have about $500,000 a month in sales, he said, adding that revenue has been growing from 30 to 50 percent a month. Mr. Caberwal said he expected Bond to be profitable by the second quarter of 2016. A single card costs $3.50, but for corporate customers with larger orders, the price ranges from $2 to $2.50 a card.
Jason Hirschhorn, founder and chief executive of the New York start-up Redef, which provides curated information streams, began using Bond’s services this summer. “They are using robotics in a very clever way,” Mr. Hirschhorn said. “I don’t have a lot of time, but I like the idea of being able to use personalized stationery in my own hand, using my own words, all done remotely for me. And it’s all in my computer, so I can track what I’ve done.”
Saneel Radia, founder and president of Finch15, a New York firm that helps companies develop new products and services, uses Bond’s service early in his relationships with customers and business partners. At first Mr. Radia had his own handwriting duplicated but then switched to one of the styles offered by Bond. “I hate what my handwriting looks like, so I upgraded it,” he said. “Now it’s an odd mix of creative and energetic, handwriting I wish I had.” Mr. Radia said people often thanked him for the notes they received, and he readily admitted that a robot had written them. “People hire us because we are at the intersection of service and technology,” he said. “Bond, like us, is also at that intersection, so using the service shows that our company has its finger on the pulse of what is new and useful in this space.”
Mr. Radia said although the cards created by Bond are not actually handwritten, they are still a far cry from an email or a mass-produced thank-you note. “You’re giving someone something that took time and is work — not the same amount of work as mailing a letter you wrote yourself, but more than a text message that says, ‘Thanks for the meeting,’” Mr. Radia said. “It’s thoughtful, and it is my sentiments. And it comes in an envelope with a wax seal, which certainly helps.”
About Greeting Cards – General Facts

  • Americans purchase approximately 6.5 billion greeting cards each year. Annual retail sales of greeting cards are estimated between $7 and $8 billion.
  • The most popular Everyday card-sending occasion by far is Birthday, followed by a number of secondary occasions that include Sympathy, Thank You, Wedding, Thinking of You, Get Well, New Baby and Congratulations.
  • The most popular Seasonal cards are Christmas cards, with some 1.6 billion units purchased (including boxed cards). This is followed by cards for Valentine’s Day (145 million units, not including classroom valentines), Mother’s Day (133 million units), Father’s Day (90 million units), Graduation (67 million units), Easter (57 million units), Halloween (21 million units), Thanksgiving (15 million units) and St. Patrick’s Day (7 million units).
  • Women purchase an estimated 80% of all greeting cards. Women spend more time choosing a card than men, and are more likely to buy several cards at once.
  • Greeting card prices can vary from 50 cents to $10 – with a price point for every consumer. The vast majority are between $2 and $4. (Total price per year include boxed cards.) The cost of a typical counter card, however, is between $2 and $4. Cards featuring special techniques, intricate designs and new technologies and innovations – such as the inclusion of sound chips and LED lights – as well as handmade cards, are at the top of the price scale.
  • Seven out of 10 card buyers surveyed consider greeting cards “absolutely” or “almost” essential to them. Eight out of 10 of these buyers expect their purchases to remain the same going forward. Of the balance, twice as many card buyers say they will “increase” their purchasing as say they will “decrease” their purchasing in the coming year.
  • Younger card buyers and those who are more technology savvy are currently the ones most engaged in buying paper greeting cards online.
  • Most people now acknowledge many more birthdays than ever before because of Facebook, but they aren’t necessarily sending fewer cards as a result.
  • The tradition of giving greeting cards as a meaningful expression of personal affection for another person is still being deeply ingrained in today’s youth, and this tradition will likely continue as they become adults and become responsible for managing their own important relationships.

Source: Greeting cards association
Assessment Requirements
Word Guideline: 2,000 words (note this is a guideline only)
DUE DATE: 7 pm (Singapore time) Monday 22 February
You have been asked to prepare a short Business Report (not an essay) for Bond Company’s board of management in which you include a discussion of the following;

  1. Compared to other companies in the greeting cards’ industry, what is Bond’s mean of competitive advantage?

(8 marks)

  1. Compared to other companies in the greeting cards’ industry, what is Bond’s mission?

(8 marks)

  1. What do you think would be Bond’s Key Success Factors (KSFs)? You should identify and explain at least six KSFs.

(20 marks)

  1. Advice Bond Company’s board of management on how important the following types of information would be to Bond to operate in the ‘overlap of digital and traditional’. Provide examples to justify your answer (remember the KSFs identified before).
    1. Internal vs external
    2. Strategic vs operational
    3. Long-term vs short-term
    4. Financial vs non-financial

(18 marks)

  1. As a consultant you have been asked to provide advices on Bond’s organisational structure. Develop the following points:
    1. The reasons why organisations treat work units as responsibility centres within their organisational structure.

(8 marks)

  1. Provide a detailed analysis of the meaning, similarities and differences between;
    1. An engineered cost centre
    2. A discretionary cost centre

(8 marks)

  1. As chief technology officer, Kenji Larsen is in charge of developing prototypes of new writing machines. Determine which type of cost centre (engineered or discretionary) this department is. You must provide a detailed explanation of your choice.

(20 marks)
Guidelines on how to prepare a Business Report can be found on Blackboard.  Your Business Report is expected to follow these guidelines.
(10 marks)
Preparation of the Report
When preparing your Business Report please note the following.

  1. In order to address the points listed above to a reasonable standard it is expected that you provide answers that are company-specific. If you reproduce the topic slides in your discussion you will receive a mark of zero for that section of your report.  Your topic slides and relevant readings should be used only as a starting point for your research.
  2. You must prepare your report in a professional format that would be suitable for presentation at a meeting of Bond Company management. Although the preceding points are numbered, they must not be regarded as a list of questions, but as a guideline of the issues that must be addressed in your Business Report.
  3. This assessment is worth 15% of your total assessment. Your Business Report will be initially marked out of 100 (mark allocations are contained within the Assessment Requirements above) and then scaled down to a mark out of 15.
  4. Please ensure you attach a front page to your Business Report which provides the title of your Report and your name and class time.

Information on Submission of Assignments

  • This course uses Turnitin as part of its assessment process.
  • A Turnitin submission link will be created on Blackboard (under Assessment tasks). Instructions on how to use this link will also be provided closer to submission date.
  • Please submit .doc or .docx files