Discussion: Presidential Powers

Discussion: Presidential Powers
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The first clause of Article II Section 2 of the Constitution provides: “The President … shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.” TAs you read, one of the powers of the President is to issue pardons. This means the president can issue a full pardon, reversing a criminal conviction (along with its legal effects) as if it never happened. A pardon can be issued from the time an offense is committed, and can even be issued after the full sentence has been served.
Until President Gerald Ford pardoned former president Richard Nixon for the Watergate scandal, most members of the public probably paid little attention to the president’s use of the clemency power. Ford’s highly controversial pardon of Nixon, however, ignited such a firestorm of protest that, fairly or unfairly, it may have cost him the presidency in 1976. Ever since, presidential pardons have been the subject of increased scrutiny and the focus of news media with a voracious appetite for scandal.
The following monologue Trump Planning to issue 100 Pardons and Commutations (Links to an external site.) was is from The Late Night with Seth Myers show.
Discussion Prompt:
Should the President of the United States have the power to pardon individuals who have committed a crime? Give reasons that support your opinion.



This paper is for American Government class, which has to do with important issu

This paper is for American Government class, which has to do with important issues or policies that the US government should address. My topic is economic policy but you have to narrow it down to a specific topic in economic policy. I suggest government expenditures and deficits as a topic. Please note that essay requires chicago style footnotes on each page of the paper and a bibliography page at the end of the paper. The minimum amount of pages required is 3 but I gave an extra page for the bibliography and footnotes. A document is attached that outlines everything necessary to complete this essay.



Essay on history, Economics and Health FORMATTING The paper should be 5-7 pages

Essay on history, Economics and Health
The paper should be 5-7 pages, double-spaced, Times New Roman 12, left-justified. Undergraduates, 4 pages, same plan. Please use footnotes for references. At the top of the first page, please put your name, date and the number of the course you are registered for — that will help me remember if you’re grad or undergrad. I’d like to read a well-argued paper — references, especially to class readings, can be minimal.
I am interested in your thoughts about the connections among the economy, health and history. Here is a model of created by the National Task Force on Community Preventive Services, describing the connection between the socio-cultural environment and health. It is a useful place to start to think about what we’ve been reading, from Rob Wallace on Covid, to Tom Hanchett on smallpox vaccination in Charlotte. The patterns of disease change constantly over time – what did Jason Moore note about the changing ecosystems? How does link to Wallace’s concepts about agriculture and market penetration into the deep forest? What happens if the distribution of societal resources changes to be more equitable or more inequitable? Have you seen or read examples of such changes?



kindly use the following sources in addition to 15 other sources of your choice:

kindly use the following sources in addition to 15 other sources of your choice:
Sami Moisio, “Competing Geographies of Sovereignty, Regionality and Globalisation: The Politics of EU Resistance in Finland 1991–1994,” Geopolitics 11, no. 3 (2006): 439-464.
Henrikki Heikka, “Republican Realism: Finnish Strategic Culture in Historical Perspective,” Cooperation and Conflict 40, no. 1 (2005): 91–119. Hans Mouritzen, “Finland: Realism versus Idealism,” Cooperation and Conflict 35, no. 4 (2000): 441–446.
Kristi Raik, “Renaissance of realism, a new stage of Europeanization, or both? Estonia, Finland and EU foreign policy,” Cooperation and Conflict 50, no. 4 (2015): 440–456.
Jarmo Mäkelä, ‘When Realism is the Only Game in Town: How to Defend Finland?’. International Centre for Defence and Security Estonia, published June 17, 2017,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland, Prime Minister’s Office Publications, Report on Finnish and Security Policy, 9 (2016),



Prompt: Drawing on the readings we’ve done in class so far, compose an essay tha

Prompt: Drawing on the readings we’ve done in class so far, compose an essay that reflects on the potential risks and benefits of powerful emotions like anger for democratic politics. Be sure your essay responds directly to the following questions: Can anger be politically constructive? Can it bolster and strengthen democracy in any way? Can anger be politically destructive? Can it threaten and undermine democracy in any way? Is anger a helpful quality for a good democratic citizen to possess or should a good democratic citizen work to tame and suppress their anger?
-I believe that anger can be politically constructive and we can use it to further political action. But it is also important to mention that it is a dangerous and volatile emotion. (I will include a discussion post I wrote on this topic so you can get a feel for my writing and perspective.)
Sources/readings: *Some will be uploaded.
“The Uses of Anger” by Audre Lorde
“Living a Feminist Life” Sara Ahmed
“The Orestia” Aeschylus
“Ajax” Sophocles
Discussion post: Anger is an ever-present force in the world we live in and one that’s not going away. But as these authors and many others have said, anger should not be an emotion to be dismissed so quickly. Anger, so often written off as disruptive and boorish, is the reason we have political and democratic life as we know it. When people are angry it means they are paying attention to what’s going on around them. In The Uses of Anger Audre Lorde said, “Every woman has a well-stocked arsenal of anger potentially useful against those oppressions, personal and institutional, which brought that anger into being.” And this is absolutely true. For every woman as well as everyone else. Anger forces us to question the systems in place that rule us and to look for ways to change these systems if we deem it necessary. Whether it’s Twitter or Congress anger breathes life into political systems and ensures prolonged interest in democratic policy.
*No other sources can be used.
-The prompt is uploaded as well as the two feminist sources.
*If there is anything you need please contact me!



Using the paper attached below as your guideline. Please follow the instructions

Using the paper attached below as your guideline. Please follow the instructions for creating a lit review.
Assignment Instructions:
This assignment serves as a building block for your final thesis proposal. For this literature review, you need to select a substantive theory, either something that we discussed in the lesson, or something outside of the course, and focus your literature review around that theory. Your theory selection should make sense with the research question you intend to assess within your final research proposal. Since this is a literature review focused on a particular topic (i.e. the substantive theory) you will need to discuss the current state of the literature specific to that theory (for example, deterrence theory, social identity theory, and etc). You’ll want to start with a discussion on the early conceptualizations of the theory and how it has developed overtime. your conclusion should include a discussion on where the research on that theory needs to go next. What are some questions that remain? What new ways should it be applied?
Format: Standard academic format will suffice: 1-inch borders on all four sides, double spaced, with times new roman 12-point font. As with all academic assignments (unless otherwise specified) you must include a references section and list your references.
This literature review should include a critical review of at least 9-10 scholarly/peer-reviewed articles.
Since multiple writing styles are in use within this course, on your title page, please note which style you are using within your assignment. This will help me cater my comments to the style you are using. The style you use needs to be the one that is used within your program of study.
Total pages: 5 complete pages in length not including title page, or references.



Evaluate the utility of the various types of electoral systems as discussed in t

Evaluate the utility of the various types of electoral systems as discussed in the readings. Which system do you recommend in a presidential system, and which would you recommend in a parliamentary system (bearing in mind you may recommend the same system for both)?
this was part of the readings, but other sources are acceptable APA FORMAT



Consider Contemporary American politics – we complain about “special interests”,

Consider Contemporary American politics – we complain about “special interests”, we observe the rise of the “Tea Party”, we see the power of morality based single issue groups, we watch parties deadlock over economic policy, the budget, nominations and so on…
Now consider the two dominant ways of thinking about how democratic political systems make policy — the elite model (all policy reflects the interests of an elite group) and the pluralist model (all policy reflects the political infighting and relative power of interest groups, movement groups, political parties, etc).
Which of these provides the most satisfactory explanation of the way the political process runs? Your answer must be based on interpretation of available evidence which you will cite… It will also be closely based on the arguments in the text… Be sure to provide the concrete evidence… YOU MUST CITE TEXT IN CHAPTERs 5 & 6 THROUGHOUT YOUR ESSAY TO RECEIVE ANY CREDIT!
Please keep in mind that models and theories are used to help understand complex phenomenon. They are NOT strategies or plans to be used…