Design a sound environmental policy that takes into account equity, efficiency,

Design a sound environmental policy that takes into account equity, efficiency, security, and liberty. You live in a community with one big problem – plastic pollution. Single-use plastics can be found in waterways and on roadsides. City Council has tasked you with developing a new policy to limit single-use plastic in your municipality.
Make two arguments about what should be included in the design of the policy. For instance, should your local government ban all plastic bags or charge a fee for their use? Should anything be done about single-use plastics? Will you include straws in your policy? Should straws be banned for private sale, should restaurants be required to provide biodegradable straws? What happens to individuals and businesses who do not follow the new law?



Overview Task: Complete a worksheet on the executive branch of government. Purpo

Task: Complete a worksheet on the executive branch of government.
Purpose: To help you learn about the duties, mission, and function of a specific agency, as well as careers within the executive branch of the government.
Part 1
Download and save the W10 Worksheet Download W10 Worksheet.
Select an agency or department that is part of the executive branch of the US Government. You may use the links below to help you select an agency or department.
The White House: The Executive Branch (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)
Spend about twenty minutes conducting internet research on the background of your selected agency or department. Then answer the questions listed in “Part A” of the “Part 1: Report on an Executive Agency” section of your worksheet.
Next, spend another twenty minutes researching the organizational structure of your agency or department. Then answer the questions listed in “Part B” of the “Part 1: Report on an Executive Agency” section of your worksheet.
Spend time looking at the benefits of working for a federal bureaucracy. What are the benefits of working for the federal government, what are the problems or weaknesses of working for the federal government?
Part 2
Read the following information on Typitown:
Purpose of the City Planning Department: Planning the physical development of a community is a difficult process. The City Planning Department of Typitown must try to envision the type of community that Typitown wants to be in the future, and then use the tools of comprehensive planning, zoning, and building codes to achieve their objectives. This may sound simple, but the politics of the community often complicate the process. Local conflicts, the need for economy and efficiency, the desire for more jobs, and pressures from higher level government all work to make decision more difficult. In each case below, the City Planning Department must make a decision and give its reasoning for approving or denying the application.
Facts about Typitown: Typitown is a small community of about 15,000 people, located forty miles from a city of 150,000, called Bigtown. The town has been an agricultural trade center, but that is rapidly changing as several new manufacturing firms have located in nearby Bigtown, encouraging Typitown’s residents to take jobs in the factories. Per capita income has been below the state average, but it is beginning to increase because of improvements in employment opportunities. Typitown’s population, which had declined seven percent from 1980 to 1990, is now increasing, thus putting pressure on the schools, transportation systems, and housing supplies. Last year, Typitown adopted a comprehensive land-use plan, a zoning ordinance, and building codes.
Community Goals: The Typitown City Planning Department, working with the city council, has developed the following goals for the community:
To encourage growth as a central community by increasing the quality of its recreational, health, educational, and retail services, rather than simply being a bedroom community for Bigtown.
To prevent incompatible land uses.
To encourage high standards of development in all parts of Typitown to ensure a safe, attractive, and rewarding living and working environment for all economic levels.
To provide a land-use pattern that will foster economy in the delivery of utility services.
Read the following scenarios with your partner and discuss the proposed solutions. You must make a decision to either support or oppose the proposed solution. If you support it, you must be able to explain why. If you oppose it, you must present a counter-proposal that you think does a better job of reaching the community goals. Remember to consider the purpose and goals of the Typitown City Planning. Also, consider the size of the town and the demographics of the businesses and citizens.
Situation One: Michael Lams is the mayor’s brother-in-law and owner of the Chubby Cheese plant, which employs forty local citizens. The plant was built fifty years ago in an area that is now surrounded by middle-class housing. Three years ago, the cheese plant spent over $1 million upgrading its facilities in order to meet state requirements. Last year, when a new zoning ordinance was passed, the plant was considered to be nonconforming use and allowed to stay, but not to expand or upgrade. Mr. Lams wants a variance from the city to allow him to add to his existing plant in order to expand its production of low-fat cream cheese. This expansion will cost $2 million, which will increase his property taxes by $35,000 a year. It will also create fourteen new jobs. Mr. Lamb states that if he is not granted this variance, he will build a new plant in Bigtown and phase out all production at the Typitown plant over the next several years.
Proposed solution: Allow the variance to add to the cheese plant.
Situation Two: Linda Wilson is the director of the newly created Public Housing Authority (PHA), which wants to build twelve housing units for low-income seniors on two acres that the PHA plans to acquire just outside of town. However, because it is outside the city limits, the city needs to agree to extend utilities to the site. Last week, the owner of a thirty-room, downtown hotel announces that he was closing the hotel and putting the property up for sale. Some people believe that the hotel should be renovated by the PHA, rather than building new housing at greater expense. Others argue that the downtown area had deteriorated and is surrounded by substandard housing. Ms. Wilson is asking the city to approve the extension of utilities to the proposed location of the housing project.
Proposed solution: Do not extend the utilities and encourage the PHA to renovate the downtown hotel.
Situation Three: Howard Henderson is the superintendent of the local school system. Because of the expanding population, a new junior-senior high school has been built in Typitown. To create tennis courts and practice fields for athletics, the school board and the city have agreed to split the cost of development and to share ownership. This has required purchasing eight homes that are on the proposed site. Mr. and Mrs. Burnett, who are in their seventies and in poor health, have refused to sell their home to the city. Their home was appraised at $125,000; the city has offered them $128,000, but comparable housing will cost them at least $135,000. The Burnett’s claim that they cannot find anywhere to go, given their health and financial limitations. Mr. Henderson is requesting that the city use its power of eminent domain to force the purchase of the Burnett’s house.
Proposed solution: Use the power of eminent domain to purchase the Burnett’s house, for which the city will pay $130,000, so that construction on the new high school can begin immediately.
Situation Four: Michael Toronto, owner of Ridgeline Alternative Energies, is asking the Typitown City Council to approve a land-use permit that would facilitate the placement of 100 large wind turbines in the hills just outside Typitown. Mr. Toronto has already signed contingent contracts with 80 percent of the citizens holding the land where he hopes to locate his turbines. He projects that the assembly of the wind turbines would provide 100 new temporary jobs for up to a year and 50 permanent year-to-year maintenance and service delivery jobs. In addition, a study by the county assessor’s office projects tax revenue of five million dollars annually from the proposed RAE venture. Opponents of the project argue that 90 percent of the energy will be delivered to consumers outside of the region. Others claim that the enormous turbines would be an eyesore and could potentially be dangerous to local fowl.
Proposed solution: Do not approve the land-use permit unless 100 percent of the citizens holding the land sign contingent contracts.
After reading the scenarios and discussing the solutions, write a report in the “Part 2: Report on Making Decisions in Typitown” section of your worksheet in which you explain the votes of both you and your partner on each of the scenarios. You must state how both you and your partner would vote on the solutions. If you do not vote in favor of a proposed solution, then you must present a counter-proposal that you think would do a better job of meeting the community goals. If you agree with your partner on a proposed solution, explain why you think you were both able to come to agreement on the issues. If you do not agree with your partner, explain why you think your partner is voting differently than you.
Both you and your partner should write your reports of your own separate worksheets.
Part 3
View the IBM Center for The Business of Government (Links to an external site.).
This site contains a database of online radio broadcasts for different executive branch employees. Scroll down and you will see the alphabetical list of employees and pictures of employees. Choose one that interests you and then click on complete interview under the audio segments. Listen to the broadcast. Each one is about an hour. When you are finished, write a one to two-page report (12-point font, double-spaced) in the “Part 3: Report on a Government Official” section of your worksheet, and answer the following question.
Your report should not include the questions.
Which broadcast did you choose and why?
What is the mission of the agency you chose?
What did you learn about the particular agency or department?
What challenges is the agency or department facing?
What specific challenges did this individual face in doing his or her job?
What did you learn about careers in the federal government?
What did he or she say about the political dynamics of the job?
How is the agency or department going about trying to improve its effectiveness, efficiency, quality, etc.?
Would you like to work for this agency, why or why not?



Overview Task: Complete a worksheet on rhetoric of the presidency. Purpose: To h

Task: Complete a worksheet on rhetoric of the presidency.
Purpose: To help you assess presidential addresses to the public.
Part 1
Download and save the W09 Worksheet Download W09 Worksheet.
Explore how many Presidential orders have been written by the last five presidents. Do you see any patterns?
Explore online the cause of the increase. Is there a consensus as to what is causing the increase?
What makes a President use the Executive Order process instead of legislative actions?
What is the impact of Executive Orders?
What is the view of businesses around executive orders? Explore this viewpoint and find examples of positive views and negative views.
Part 2
We often hear certain American presidents listed as one of the “greatest presidents in American history.” This part of the assignment is meant to help you identify the criteria of “presidential greatness.”
Visit this website and explore the tabs and criteria used. Total Scores/Overall Rankings | C-SPAN Survey on Presidents 2021 | (Links to an external site.)
Answer all of the questions in the “Part 2: Five Greatest Presidents” section of your worksheet.



Overview Task: Find an article related to this week’s chapter reading and write

Task: Find an article related to this week’s chapter reading and write a commentary.
Purpose: To help you apply political concepts to local contemporary events.
Review one or more online news source(s), and select one current event that is related to the FEDERAL COURTS
Write a short commentary of the article and explain how the current event is related to the content of the chapter.
Your assignment should be 200–400 words and should include a link to your article.
You can review the Current Event Example to see what your assignment should look like.



Answer the following from the sections in the textbook. 1. Explain the history

Answer the following from the sections in the textbook.
1. Explain the history of African Americans in our country. What is the history of the civil rights movement?
2. Explain the history of the LGBTQ community in our country. How did they obtain their full rights as Americans?
3. Explain the history of women’s rights in this country and the three waves of feminism.
4. Explain the history of Latino Americans in our country.
5. Explain the history of Asian Americans in our country.



In Federalist 51, James Madison argues that the United States Constitution provi

In Federalist 51, James Madison argues that the United States Constitution provides a “double security” to protect individual rights and liberties. The powers that the people have surrendered to government are “divided between two distinct governments (state and national) and then the portion allotted to each subdivided among distinct and separate departments.” In an essay, describe at least three of these Madisonian structures to divide governmental powers in the U.S. Constitution and explain how these structures that you have described reduce the overall powers of government in the United States. Based on your description of these Constitutional structures, do you believe that they limit the ability of the government to be responsive to the will of the people?



t​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​his is my context chapter for my Doctorate degree the cha

t​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​his is my context chapter for my Doctorate degree the chapter is similar to a case study and it focuses on the UAE government and officials’ use of social media (it should be pro-UAE and compare the UAE to different​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ countries during a crisis and political situations and the Arab spring)
there is feedback on the paper from my supervisor on how to improve the work
also, Statistics and graphs, and numbers should be included​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.



P​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​lease focus on the following points as you prepare your e

P​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​lease focus on the following points as you prepare your essay.
1. The essay question requires that you integrate information taken from several different
(referenced) sources, to organize that information, and to summarize the information
with conclusions that may be new to you.
2. Begin with a thesis statement, (or a claim) that you will explain and justify in your
essay. Support your ideas with a rationale and evidence (not opinion statements such as “I
think”) that are logically organized throughout the essay. Your ideas and the support
should be clear to the reader.
3. Do not cite, quote, or reference from Wikipedia or general non-verifiable sources. References should follow a standard citation APA format
4. Your essay should reflect appropriate grammar and syntax
Common Essay: UNIV 2002
The economist Jeffrey Sachs argues that specific and achievable goals help to develop more
effective policy reforms. As an example, he quotes President John F. Kennedy who gave the commencement address at American University in 1963. In that speech, Kennedy said: “By
defining our goal more clearly, by making it seem more manageable and less remote, we can help all people ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​to see it, to draw hope from it and to move irresistibly towards it.” Kennedy meant the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty needed to have specific and achievable goals to be effective, and Sachs means that the clarity of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can help achieve policy reform. How would you use the same idea of specific and achievable goals to think about changes in policy or society in relation to sustainability? Specifically,
1. Justify the relevance of Kennedy’s statement with respect to the UN SDGs with specific
references to the role of governments and private corporations. (3 Pages)
2. Identify two of the SDGs that you consider important (as they relate to either your local
community or to your core values). With the two selected SDGs, evaluate the interdependence of those goals while considering how the funding needs and action
plans for the goals are interconnected. (3 pages)
Parameters: Both question #1 and #2 should be a minimum of 3 pages each. Times New Roman 12pt with an additional page for references.
Use this YouTube link:
Nations United: Urgent Solutions for Urgent Times | Presented by Tha​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ndie Newton



M​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​UST FOLLOW ATTACHED INSTRUCTIONS: The student’s initial p

M​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​UST FOLLOW ATTACHED INSTRUCTIONS: The student’s initial post/thread must consist of at least 600 words, thoroughly respond to each portion of the prompt, and demonstrate mastery of course content. In their main post/thread, students must ground their responses and lines of argumentation in the course readings with at least four U.S. scholarly (peer-reviewed) citations in Turabian format in-text citations. Additional, reputable academic​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ titles and articles may also be invoked to answer prompts (esp. those in recommended reading list).
Fully respond to the following two prompts:
• Summarize King, Keohane, Verba, and Keohane’s recommendations for dealing with bias in research.
• Summarize the main points of Angrist and Pischke piece. Relate these points public policy research design.
• Describe the consequences of statesmen abandoning ethical and moral pr​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​inciples.