I need a rebuttal to these forums. 150 words each.
Discussion Question: Sector specific plans have been developed for the identified critical infrastructure sectors; documents that establish defined goals and objectives, identify anticipated threats, and propose actions to address such hazards in a proactive manner. For this assignment, you are to select one of these critical infrastructure sector specific plans (SSP) to focus upon (go to DHS Critical Infrastructure Sectors site to choose sector and access SSP) and share with the class how your local jurisdiction (city or county) is implementing one of these plans. If you reside on a military installation within the US, use the civilian community around the installation. If you are stationed overseas, use your hometown.
FIRST FORUM: The Department of Homeland Security has identified 16 Sector Specific Plans (SSP) for what they consider to be the 16 areas of critical infrastructure for the nation. As far as infrastructure on a national level, all 16 sectors are of equal and immediate relevance. However, this week we are going to look at how these sectors are being addressed at a local level such as the state, local, and tribal areas.
Brevard County is home to over half of a million residents. As the longest county in the State of Florida, we border 5 other counties. Our county is also home to one of the world’s busiest cruise terminals which brings massive amounts of tourism to our area every day. Only 35 minutes from Disney World and many other theme parks, it is only sensible that we address the concern found in the Commercial Facilities Sector of SSP. According to DHS, the Commercial Facilities Sector consists of 8 areas under the umbrella: Entertainment and Media, Gaming, Lodging, Outdoor Events, Public Assembly, Real estate, Retail, and Sports Leagues. When probably all of those but Sports Leagues are an immediate area of concern, the strategies in play at the Port Canaveral cruise Terminal are most at risk for an attack or a deliberate interruption of operation.
Port Canaveral was recently consumed by the jurisdiction of the Brevard County Sheriff’s Office. Previously, they were their own city, had their own council, and employed their own police force. As the cruise terminals grew in size and more and more commercial industry and loading docks were built, the cost became too much and the liability too high for a small town police force and city government to control. When the Sheriff came in, he built a case that showed the county could secure the new and enhancing City of Cape Canaveral better, for a lower cost.
One of the plans in the SSP for Commercial Facilities is the improvement of security and enhancement of resilience. One change that identified that met this goal was the implementation of an entire new position under the Sheriff. Brevard County employs Maritime Security Officers (MSO). MSOs are civilian personnel which assist Deputies and DHS security forces alike with identifying crimes at the Port as well as posting security and barricading restricted access areas. MSOs help to save the county costs, while also playing the role of extra eyes on the ground. In addition, before the commercialization of the Port to the extent that it is now, only DHS and CBP agents were providing the security measures. Now, Sheriff’s Deputies patrol the cruise terminals 24/7, as regular officers on the daily beat. These Deputies are typically members of the Sheriff’s Agriculture/Marine Unit and are mostly accompanied by their partner, a bomb certified tracking dog.
These changes were necessary as the port became the central hub for the entire southeast as the place to travel internationally. As far as the commercial Facility Sector that Port Canaveral is, our local county has brought in more efficient security measures and has also managed to give a small city access to a much larger chest of resources, while managing to save money for the tax-payers.
SECOND FORUM: Information Technology is an important aspect of our nation in many reasons and is why it is listed on the Department of Homeland Security’s critical infrastructure sectors. The United States for years now has been trying to play catch up to the other big nations when it comes to cyber security within the information technology sector. Ways that the Information Technology sector is trying to mitigate the risk of this sector being attacked is by identify, assess, and help facilitate the management of risks to the IT Sector’s critical functions, including risks associated with supply chains, dependencies, and interdependencies, and facilitate joint understanding between industry and government of those risks. (DHS, 2016, p. 9) Arizona has identified this sector as one of their main goals in the Arizona Homeland Security Strategy. Within this sector Arizona, the Arizona Counter Terrorism Information Center (ACTIC) has been implementing strategies to help this infrastructure. One capability they have identified is to implement, verify and review risk-informed guidelines consistent with National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to maintain compliance, regulations and standards to ensure the security, reliability, integrity and availability of critical information, records and communications systems through collaborative cybersecurity efforts to detect malicious activity directed toward all critical infrastructure, key resources and networks. Develop disaster recovery plan related to IT security. (Orrantia, 2017, p. 20) These strategies that are being implemented within Arizona is key to helping prevent any leaks of information which has been happening quite often throughout our nation. Arizona also needs to ensure that they do not become lackadaisical when it comes to preventing and protecting this infrastructure and need to be constantly evolving as the times and strategies that attackers are using within this department to cripple our local, state, and federal levels of information.
– Greg Harner
Information Technology Sector-Specific Plan[PDF]. (2016). Department of Homeland Security.
Orrantia, G. M. (2017, May 15). 2017 – 2020 Arizona State Homeland Security Strategy[PDF].