Imagine a weekly podcast about crime and punishment. The podcast host invites Émile Durkheim as a guest and asks Durkheim to explain his theory that crime is normal. The podcast host also invites W.E.B. DuBois and Karl Marx (or Friedrich Engels, if Marx cannot make it) to join the conversation as critics and to comment on Durkheim’s definition of crime. Draft a statement for one of the invited critics (either Marx/Engels or DuBois) that sets forth their perspective on crime and provides a critical response to Durkheim’s theory. In doing so, be sure to set forth Durkheim’s theory in enough detail to provide a meaningful and coherent critique.
Imagine an annual conference where penologists from around the world gather to discuss the laws and practices most effective for controlling crime. At this year’s conference is a new session, entitled “Crime, Punishment, and Ideology,” for which the panelists are Douglas Hay and Stuart Hall. The panel’s theme is that the social significance of the criminal legal system extends beyond crime control (and that, to understand this, one needs to look at more than data on crime rates). Draft a presentation for one of the invited panelists (Hay or Hall) that explains their perspective on how criminal law (and/or penal law) operates as a system of ideas. In doing so, be sure to emphasize the importance of class (Hay) and/or race (Hall).