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For this Performance Task, you will identify a source from the Opposing Viewpoints database. Then, you will summarize, paraphrase, and quote it. Follow the directions below to complete this assignment. Refer to the example below for help.
1. Identifying a source
First, complete a search for the topic you have chosen for your argumentative essay. Refer to the Week 3 Persuasive Essay Writing Plan directions for topics provided by your instructor. For a refresher on how to locate and search in this database, return to the Week 2 APA Module.
Next, download the source in PDF format from Opposing Viewpoints. There is a link titled “Download” in the Tools menu located on the right-hand side of the screen. If a pop up window appears, click on Download, and then save the file to your computer.
2. Summarize, Paraphrase, and Quote.
In a separate Word document, complete the following tasks
First, summarize the entire article. Be sure to use an APA citation.
Second, paraphrase the article’s first paragraph. Be sure to use an APA citation.
Finally, integrate a quote. Be sure to use a signal phrase and an APA citation.
Include an APA reference at the bottom. Use the database’s “Cite” tool. Check what you obtain using your textbook’s APA guide as the database citations are computer generated and often contain small errors.
Refer to the example assignment & images below. Submit both your document and the PDF you downloaded.
Original Article: Murply 2019 Wastewater from Piney Point Original Article: Murply 2019 Wastewater from Piney Point – Alternative Formats
Student Example: Quoting Summarizing Paraphrasing Student Example: Quoting Summarizing Paraphrasing – Alternative Formats
Note how in this reference, there are errors. The yellow items should NOT be capitalized. The red items are not necessary. Check the reference you obtain and correct it as necessary using your Little Seagull Handbook‘s APA Guide.
Petrusich, A. (2020). Lana Del Rey, Radiohead, and the Difficulty of Making Original Music. In Gale Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Gale. (Reprinted from Lana Del Rey, Radiohead, and the Difficulty of Making Original Music, The New Yorker, 2018, January 10) https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/TMEYSL625152640/OVIC?u=lirn99776&sid=OVIC&xid=0a575891
Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing
Quoting is when you use the exact words from a source in your essay. When you use someone else’s words, you must put quotation marks around these words. You also need to attach a signal phrase to the quotation and cite the source using APA formatting.
View the examples of quoting on Chapter 51, pp. 526-531 of your Norton Field Guide.
Here is an example quote:
McCullough (2001) described John Adams as “having the hands of a man accustomed to pruning his own trees, cutting his own hay, and splitting his own firewood” (p. 18).
Note how this quote is integrated. There is a “signal phrase” prior to the quote.
Additionally, the quote includes citations in the form of the year of publication and page number.
Presumably, the author would now discuss the quote after and how it relates to the point being made.
Paraphrasing is when you use the information from a source in your essay, but you use your own words and sentence structure. You must always cite the course using APA formatting, even though the ideas are written in your own words.
View the examples of both acceptable and unacceptable paraphrases on pp. 531-534.
Here is an example paraphrase:
John Adams’ hands were those of a laborer, according to McCullough (2001, p. 18).
Note how the author uses his or her own language so as to avoid accidental plagiarism.
The page number is not required in paraphrases. APA, however, does suggest it be included.
Consider not having the text you are using in front of you when you paraphrase.
Presumably, the author would still comment after the paraphrase and show how it relates to the point being made.
Summarizing is when you offer a brief overview of the main points from a source in your essay and do not use details as you would in a paraphrase. A summary can describe an entire article in just one or two sentences. Even though you do not go into the specifics of the source, you must offer credit using APA formatting.
View the examples of summary on pp. 534-538.
Here is an example summary
In his book, McCullough (2001) takes care to describe the physical person of America’s second president, John Adams (pp. 14-20).
Note the specific details from the passage are lacking. Instead, the summary reviews a large passage of the book, not just p. 18’s description of Adams’ hands.
Note the author and year are still included.
APA does not require page numbers be used when summarizing. It does, however, recommend they be included. Because more pages are being summarizing, the “pp.” is used instead of just the “p.”