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Hist 17C: ESSAY QUESTION CHOICES & DIRECTIONS
ALL STUDENTS WILL WRITE JUST ONE 5 page double-space typed Essay on ONE of the Below Topics. See Essay Due Dates in Course Weekly Schedule.
There will be an in-class Sign-up for the papers; once about half the class has signed up for either Essay A or B, everyone else will have to write on the other one.
ESSAY A, (based on Youngs’ Eleanor Roosevelt). Choose Just ONE Question.
A1. Describe how Eleanor gradually developed an independent identity and public role for herself. How had she developed by the 1920s and early 1930s her own public interests and activities that had already taken her far beyond her role as wife, mother, or conventional politician’s wife—even before she was First Lady? Describe important steps in her emergence as a public activist in her own right.
A2. Describe and explain Eleanor’s role and activities while First Lady. By what means did she learn to operate and be effective during her White House years? What were some of her main causes, and how did she work to advance them while First Lady?
A3. Despite deep personal differences, Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelt formed a highly effective political partnership. Describe how and the ways in which they complemented and supported each other’s public goals and activities.
ESSAY B, (based on Martin Luther King & Malcolm X book). Choose Just ONE.
B1. What reasons and arguments did Martin Luther King give that nonviolent resistance offers the best tool for combating social injustice and making lasting progress? According to King, how did nonviolent direct-action movements work, and why did they offer the best chance for success?
B2. Why did Malcolm X finally break with the Nation of Islam (NOI)? In what ways did Malcolm’s ideas and proposals for African American action change significantly during his late, post-NOI phase?
B3. In what ways did King and Malcolm’s views grow more similar during their respective latter periods? In what areas were they nearer in agreement than earlier? In what area or areas did they still significantly differ?
HIST 17C DIRECTIONS FOR ESSAY ASSIGNMENT
Every student will be required to write one essay of approximately 5 or 6 typed double-spaces pages (about 250 words per page) in length, answering an essay question by interpreting and using the contents of the relevant assigned book.
LATE PAPERS: Essays received after class time on the due date up to one week late will have a score reduced by approximately one letter grade; papers turned in over one but less than two weeks late will have scores reduced by approximately two letter grades; papers turned in more than two weeks after the due date will receive just half credit. Any time extension without penalty must be agreed to by the instructor at least several days before the due date, not at the last moment.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF ASSIGNMENT:
The basic task of the assignment is to use information either from Youngs’s biography Eleanor Roosevelt or from Howard-Pitney’s book on Martin Luther King and Malcolm X, to answer the issues raised by your chosen question. Every essay should: 1) clearly identify the question (issue & themes) being addressed by the essay, 2) clearly state your conclusions about them, and 3) use and cite specific examples and information from the book to establish and support your conclusions (i.e., use and interpret the book’s evidence to “prove” your conclusions).
Keep all of your essay focused and relevant. Do NOT insert much general, descriptive information about the topic not clearly related to the essay question. Only answer the question posed, and just discuss those parts of a document the directly contribute to answering it. Make sure that the reader can see the relevance of everything you discuss; explain to your reader the information’s significance to the question.
CITING SOURCES : YOU MUST CITE ANY INFORMATION BORROWED FROM YOUR SOURCE, whether directly Quoting or Paraphrasing them. The citation appears in parentheses following the quote, paraphrase, or information. In the first reference to the source, include the last name of the author (unless you have mentioned it immediately prior to your quote or other reference), brief title of the book or other writing, editor if any, and the page number. Put all this information in parentheses and put the sentence period after the last parenthesis. Here is an example :
“I have seen a negro beaten till some of his bones were broken, for even letting a pot boil over” (Equiano, Interesting Narrative, Allison, 109).
Paraphrase or Information:
Franklin claimed that he would not mind reliving his whole life again, so long as he could make some corrections in its second edition (Autobiography, Masur, 33).
If all subsequent essay citations are to the same source, you may just cite the page number, (33) for example, in all citations following the first one.
ESSAY DIRECTIONS, 2
Tips for citing from Youngs Eleanor Roosevelt: Always place a direct quote in quotation marks. Immediately following a quotation, write in parentheses, for example (Youngs, Eleanor Roosevelt, 33).
If you quote Eleanor’s own words from Youngs, cite it this way (Eleanor Roosevelt quoted in Youngs, 33) –or whatever the actual page number is.
When you present very specific information taken from Youngs, you should also have its page number cited in the same way as when quoting. Specific information should be cited is anything other than very general or well known facts such as that she was famous, was a First Lady, or was married to Franklin Roosevelt. More specific facts should have their source cited in paentheses. Facts that require page citations include that she developed a close relationship with Lorena Hickock, as a child was hurt by belittling remarks from her mother, or that she attended Allenswood girls school in England.
Tips for citing Howard-Pitney’s Martin Luther King and Malcolm X book: Always support the accuracy of your statements and conclusions about these leaders by using information and statements by them from the book’s historical documents. Base your argument on their own words. Don’t quote or cite very much the editor/author (Howard-Pitney)’s secondary statements about them, Base your answers on statements made by King and Malcolm that appear in the primary historical documents of our assigned book. Do Not use other books or internet collections of their speeches; use only our class’s book’s statements by King and Malcolm.
Whenever referring to a document’s contents–whether directly quoting it, paraphrasing it, or even just relaying its basic information–always cite your information’s source. Place in parentheses the page number of the book where its statement or information appears in a document. Give the author, short title, and page number of the document either within your own sentence’s writing, or place all or the rest of the required citation information in parentheses at your sentence’s end (just before the period).
Here are Examples of acceptable Citation Forms.
Quote: King wrote, “I am convinced for practical as well as moral reasons, nonviolence offers the only road to freedom” (Nonviolence: the Only Road to Freedom, 91).
Quote: In “Nonviolence: the Only Road to Freedom,” King stated he was “convinced for practical as well as moral reasons, nonviolence offers the only road to freedom” (91).
Paraphrase of a document’s content or information taken from it: King always held that using nonviolence was the most ethical and practical way to promote social justice (Nonviolence: the Only Road to Freedom, 91).
No matter which book you are using, Give complete bibliographical information for your book in the “Works Cited.” The works cited is on a separate page at the end of your paper. Center the word “Works Cited” at the top.
A reference for a book includes: the author’s full name; editor and edition, if any; complete title of the book; place published; publisher, and publication date. Here is an example (note punctuation and underlining):
Equiano, Olaudah. Robert J. Allison, ed. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, Written by Himself, With Related Documents, Second edition. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2007
FORMAT RULES: Follow These Instructions Exactly, please.
Papers should be typed in double-space, in 12-point font, with margins of about 1 inch. Tip: to avoid late or improperly produced papers, practice setting the margins, etc., before papers are due. Essays should be about five typed, double-spaced pages(1.250 words) in length.
Print page numbers on all pages except for the Title and the Works Cited pages.
On a Title Page: type your Name, Course and Section, Essay A or B, and Question Number (A1, or B2, eg.). Example: Jane Doe, History 17C, Section 2, Question B1.
WRITING RULES & TIPS: Write clearly, understandably, and grammatically. Write in complete sentences and use paragraphs. Correct spelling is required.
Also PROOFREAD carefully to eliminate careless. OOPS–errors!
All essays should have a clear Introduction (with a thesis), Body, and Conclusion.
Always write in past tense about history.
Have a draft of your paper done about a week before it’s due, so you have sufficient time to revise and improve it.
QUOTING V. PARAPHRASING:
You’ll certainly quote from your book, but don’t get too carried away. Make sure that nothing approaching a quarter of the total essay is in anyone’s but your own words.
Usually paraphrase the author, that is, re-state in your own words the author’s information to which you refer. Generally, don’t quote when your only purpose is to convey the basic info. given within a quote; in such cases you can usually state it in your own words more simply, clearly, and directly. Save quotations for such things as giving the reader a “taste” of the author’s actual words or to give a sample “gem” that says what you want to say so wonderfully that nothing but the original will do.
When you do quote, try to use shorter, rather than long multi-sentence quotations. Quote single, shorter sentences or even just quote phrases put into you own sentences. Remember, even quotations must be —or be presented within— complete grammatical sentences.
Always USE QUOTATION MARKS whenever using three or more words in your essay in the same order as in the original source. Failure to give credit for others’ words is PLAGIARISM which, if committed, will result in an automatic “F” on the assignment. All essays must be submitted online to “Turnitin” to check against plagiarism.
Each essay is worth up to 100 points, based on how well and fully the essay addresses the issues in the Question, how well written it is, and how skillfully it chooses and presents (and references) relevant information from the document(s) to support its conclusions. Also, 10-20 points is based specifically on the essay’s writing standards.
PLAGIARISM DETERRENT SERVICE
for History 17C Essay A or B Assignment:
While almost all students are honest, a few are not. To deter cheating, in addition to turning in hard copies in class, all papers in this course must be submitted to www.turnitin.com. This is a service that compares the written work students turn in against a massive data base of publicly available writing, other papers that have been turned in at De Anza and on other campuses, internet webpages, etc.
Go to www.turnitin.com . Create a user profile by clicking on the link at the top right hand side of the page. It will ask you if you are a student or an instructor. Choose “student”. It will then ask you for a class I.D. and password. The Class I.D. is: 17093066. The Enrollment Kay is turnitin. It will then ask you for an email address. Give them your best email address. It will then ask for a password. Choose a password you will remember or write it down somewhere secure. It will then ask for a memory prompt, your name, your agreement to certain legal terms and conditions, after which it will create a user profile and allow to you submit work for the class. You can then log onto the class page by clicking on the History 17C-02 page after you log on. To submit papers, click on the “submit” button corresponding to the assignment you wish to turn in and then upload your MS Word document from your computer.
Go by the Essay A or B Due Date in our Syllabus, NOT by the due date shown on Turnitin.com. If you desire further online information about how to use and get a quick start with Turnitin, please see the Student Quickstart Guide.
Instructor Comments Abbreviations
To save time writing comments on papers, the Instructor often marks with the below abbreviations.
CS—Comma Splice (connecting two independent clauses by only a comma with no conjunction)
CT—Cite Text; give specific support & examples from document
CP—Cite Page number of source where info. appears
Frag—A Sentence Fragment, or incomplete sentence
PP—Punctuate Possessives with apostrophes
PT— write in Past Tense about history.
Relev? — Relevance of info. is unclear.
Rep—Repetitive, or redundant
Backward P with line thru it — Paragraph (use more, start a new one, etc)
Run-on or Run—Run-on sentence
? – Unclear, Puzzling
WW— Wrong Word Choice or Use