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How to collect the data
1. Go to the GSS Data Explorer Website: https://gssdataexplorer.norc.org/trends
2. Follow the instructions in the PowerPoint slides titled “How to Use the GSS Data Explorer
3. Select one survey question you are interested in learning about from the GSS Data Explorer.
4. Select a single question response you will analyze for the survey question you have
chosen. For instance, question responses might be: “Strongly Agree”, “Agree”,
“Neither Agree nor Disagree”, “Disagree”, “Strongly Disagree”. You should select
only one of those responses.
5. Finally, choose a “breakdown” group to compare group responses to this question
(e.g., race, gender, political party identification, etc…).
6. Copy the graph that is automatically created.
More instructions on next page
What to submit—Data Lab and analysis questions
You will submit a document reporting the data you collected and analysis of that data. In this
document, you must answer the following questions. Number your answers to identify your
response to each question.
1. What survey question did you select? Cut and paste from question text listed below the graph
on the GSS data website.
2. What question response did you analyze?
3. What breakdown group did you select?
4. Copy and paste the graph you created below.
5. Describe the data on your graph:
a. For all groups, describe the general shape of the trend (increasing, stable, decreasing). If the
there is a change in the direction of the trend, describe the change and the year(s) it
b. Describe the most striking differences between the groups. You do not need to compare all
group differences; only identify those differences between groups that stand out. Identify
the groups you are comparing and the magnitude of the difference between them (see the
magnitude of difference chart on the next page: weak, moderate, strong, etc…).
c. Explain whether the differences described in 5b (above) are consistent or only occur in
certain years (identify those years if applicable).
6. Does group membership have an impact on public opinion in your data? Explain your answer
referring to your data (Hint: Consistent differences between groups suggest that group
membership has an impact on public opinion. Thelarger the magnitude of difference, the larger
7. Emile Durkheim argues that social institutions such as family, education, government, religion,
the economy, the criminal justice system, and the media produce bonds of solidarity that hold
society together (see textbook, p.11). Durkheim’s ideas formed the foundations of the
structural functionalist perspective. The functionalist perspective believes if institutions are
working properly, they will create solidarity among members of society. When solidarity exists
among members of society, this maintains balance and order necessary for the survival of
society (see textbook, pp.19-21).
a. Identify the institution(s) involved in the survey question you have analyzed.
b. Given that we live in a modern society characterized by diversity and a lack of shared
values (see organic solidarity in the textbook p. 11), does your data support the idea
that the institution(s) you have identified in the United States are serving the function
of maintaining solidarity? Explain the trends in the data that lead you to this conclusion.
Book used: Introduction to Sociology Second Custom Edition (2e). (2020). Chambliss and Eglitis. Sage.