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If your last name begins with the letters Q through U, answer question 4.
For this assignment it is important to note that in collectivist societies, social groups play an important role in determining the value of reward and the expectation of achieving it. For example, in Japan being part of a group is more valued than independence. Keep this in mind when determining how Vroom’s theory might relate to a collectivist society.
Vroom stated that the motivation to perform or behave is dependent upon three variables: Expectancy, Instrumentality, and Valence.
This is often expressed in the adapted formula:
M space equals space F space bevelled fraction numerator P left parenthesis R right parenthesis over denominator P left parenthesis E right parenthesis end fraction
This is read as: Individual motivation is the function of the relation between his/her perception of both the expected reward and the effort to be made to get that reward.
In simple terms, people will expend the required effort (be motivated to perform) if they believe that their effort will result in the desired performance, which, in turn, will get them the reward that they want (which is important to them), Therefore, motivational behavior is the result of how people perceive a particular situation. They behave in a certain way because they expect certain results from that behavior. Every person has his/her own personal expectations, and it is his/her estimate of the probability of a specific outcome that motivates him/her.
question 4 to be answered- If work is not the central point of life, does Vroom’s equation work?