Instructions – PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY This assignment is an individual assi

This assignment is an individual assi

This assignment is an individual assignment.
Due date for Assignment 3 is 2/12/2023
The Assignment must be submitted only in WORD format via the allocated folder.
Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.
Students are advised to make their work clear and well-presented; marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling in your information on the cover page.
Students must mention the question number clearly in their answer.
Late submissions will NOT be accepted.
Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.
All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).
Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

Logistics Management
Submission Date by students: Before the end of Week- 13th
Place of Submission: Students Grade Centre
Weight: 10 Marks
Learning Outcome:
1. Demonstrate an understanding of how global competitive environments are changing supply chain management and logistics practice.
2. Apply essential elements of core logistic and supply chain management principles.
3. Analyze and identify challenges and issues pertaining to logistical processes.
Assignment Workload:
This assignment is an individual assignment.
Critical Thinking
To meet all the challenges organizations, try to introduce different manufacturing and supply techniques. Management of organizations devotes their efforts to reducing manufacturing costs and improving the quality of the product. To achieve this goal, different manufacturing and supply techniques have been employed. The last quarter of the 20th century witnessed the adoption of world-class, lean and integrated manufacturing strategies that have drastically changed the way manufacturing firms leads to improvement of manufacturing performance (Fullerton and McWatters, 2002).
Increased global competition leads the industry to increase efficiency by means of economies of scale and internal specialization so as to meet market conditions in terms of flexibility, delivery performance and quality (Yamashina, 1995). The changes in the present competitive business environment are characterized by profound competition on the supply side and keen indecisive in customer requirements on the demand side. These changes have left their distinctive marks on the different aspect of the manufacturing organizations (Gomes et al., 2006). With this increasingly global economy, cost-effective manufacturing has become a requirement to remain competitive.
The global marketplace has witnessed increased pressure from customers and competitors in manufacturing as well as the service sector (Basu, 2001; George, 2002). Due to the rapidly changing global marketplace, only those companies will be able to survive that will deliver products of good quality at a cheaper rate to achieve their goal companies try to improve performance by focusing on cost-cutting, increasing productivity levels, and quality and guaranteeing deliveries in order to satisfy customers (Raouf, 1994).
Consult textbook chapter 7 or secondary data on the internet and answer the following questions.
What do think about lean Thinking? Why have Manufacturing Companies adopted Lean Thinking? (2 Marks)
Briefly describe major types of Waste, that companies must keep in mind during production.(2 Marks)
What are the benefits from Suppliers to end users for using lean thinking? Assess the reasons (suitable examples), (2 Marks)
With the advent of artificial intelligence. The agile supply chain is a perfect concept for future SCM? Give reasons with suitable examples. (2 Marks)
Why overproduction is considered to be the biggest waste for manufacturing companies? (1Mark)
Reference (1 Mark)
Each answer should be within the limit of 200- 250 words.
The Answer must follow the outline points below:
Lean Thinking and JIT Concept
Agile Supply chain
Their Main functions
Reasons with suitable Examples

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