Public Health and Infection Control Course Leader:

2nd Semester Summative Assessment
Bachelor Degree
Summative Assessment
Programme/Course: Bachelor of Nursing
(Honours) Programme
Course Title: Public Health and Infection
Course Leader: Ms. Kitty SZE Course Code: NUR208
Individual Assignment Guidelines
(50% of the Total Full Course Mark)
Due date: 5:00 pm on 7 May 2018 (Mon)
Weighting: 50% of the total course mark
Word limit: 1500 +/- 10% words. Words beyond the upper word limit will not be marked.
Purpose of the individual assignment
This assignment is a case study based individual assignment. Students are expected to integrate and apply the
subject contents to the case situation. This assignment aims to strengthen students’ acquisition and
comprehension of knowledge related to the application of public health and infection control. Through the
preparation of the assignment, the students are encouraged to use different resources to search for the updated
information, both published in Hong Kong and in overseas countries.
Expected outcome
The students are expected to be able to:
1. provide clear introduction and conclusion.
2. identify issues raised by your selected health determinants.
3. discuss how the selected health determinant relates to other health determinants and the occurrences of
communicable or non-communicable diseases.
4. identify and comments on strategies adopted by the government.
5. suggest strategies for the issues raised.
6. use relevant literature to support arguments.
7. correctly use of APA 6th edition referencing format.
8. follow the format suggested in this guideline for this assignment.
2nd Semester Summative Assessment
Case scenario
Hong Kong has a dual-track healthcare system by which 88 percent of in-patient services (in terms of
the number of bed days) (Food and Health Bureau, 2014, p. 7) is provided by the highly subsided tax-funded
public sector. Hong Kong’s health system is facing several challenges: rising morbidity rate for certain
common diseases; limited and inadequate capacity to respond to changes in the demographic structure; underdevelopment
of preventive care; public’s low health awareness and improving the quality of care (Bauhinia
Foundation Research Centre, 2007, p. 3); ageing population which increase the demand for both public and
private healthcare services in Hong Kong (Food and Health Bureau, 2014, p. 22). “There was little emphasis
on encouraging self-responsibility, improving people’s health-seeking behavior, and promoting proper use of
health care resources. There was little attention given to influencing provider and government behaviors to
achieve equitable, efficient and effective health care for all.”(Bauhinia Foundation Research Centre, 2007, p.
3) Hong Kong’s health system has been criticized for workload imbalance between the public and private
health sectors which is not sustainable in the long run (Bauhinia Foundation Research Centre, 2007, p. 7).
To sustain the publicly funded healthcare system, Hong Kong proposed the first consultation paper for
the healthcare financing reform on 1993 titled “Towards better health”. Hong Kong proposed several
consultation papers since then, namely: 1997’s “Improving Hong Kong’s health care system: why and for
whom?” 1999’s “Harvard Report”, 2000’s “Lifelong investment in health”, 2004’s “A study on health care
financing and feasibility of a medical savings scheme in Hong Kong”, 2005’s “Building a healthy tomorrow”
(Lieu, 2007), 2008’s “Your Health, Your Life”, 2010’s “My Health, My Choice”, and 2014’s “Voluntary
Health Insurance Scheme (VHIS)”. Until 2007, none of the initiatives on further reforms has been able to
move beyond the proposal presentation or consultation stage (Lieu, 2007). Since the public expressed
reservations about mandatory financing options during the consultation phase of “Your Health, Your life”, the
government proposed Health Protection Scheme (HPS) which is a voluntary government-regulated private
health insurance scheme (Food and Health Bureau, 2014, p. 8). HPS was renamed as “Voluntary Health
Insurance Scheme” (VHIS) to better reflect its objective and nature (Food and Health Bureau, 2014, p. 8).
The unsuccessful attempts (until 2007) maybe attributable to unconvincing reform rationale in the
eyes of the public and imbalanced design approach (Lieu, 2007, p. 16) which involve the public and key
stakeholders only after the proposals had been released and the consultation time period was inadequate to
promoting meaningful and productive dialogues (Lieu, 2007, p. 18). The most public knew little about the
importance and implications of the various financing and payment arrangements to the cost, access and quality
of healthcare services delivery (Lieu, 2010).
During the recent winter flu season, Hong Kong nurses pushed to breaking point. There were 398
outbreaks of flu registered in Hong Kong, mainly at kindergartens and primary schools. The flu vaccination
rate is low among Hong Kong children. The Hong Kong government decided to inject HK$500 million cash
for extra bed, staff and allowance.
2nd Semester Summative Assessment
Bauhinia Foundation Research Centre. (2007). Development and Financing of Hong Kong’s Future Health
Care: Final Report: Bauhinia Foundation Research Centre – Health Care Study Group.
Food and Health Bureau. (2014). Consultation Document on Voluntary Health Insurance Scheme. Hong Kong:
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government.
Lieu, G. (2007). Sustaining High Performance and Responsiveness: The Transformation of Hong Kong’s
Health System. Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management, 2(2), 11-20.
Lieu, G. (2010). Voluntary Health Protection Scheme: the right choice for the next step of Hong Kong’s
healthcare reform? The Hong Kong Medical Diary, 15(2), 24-26.
2nd Semester Summative Assessment
Identify one health determinant involved in the case scenario. Try to explore your selected health determinant
and discuss how it affects the public health of the local population. Please suggest some strategies to solve
the issues related to the health determinant that you identifed.
Guidelines for the individual assignment
• Introduction:
o Describe the background of the topic.
o Provide concept of health determinant
o Define the health determinant you selected
o State how your selected health determinant relates to public health.
• Content:
o Discuss how your selected health determinant has affected public health.
o Identify a few issues related to your selected health determinant.
o Discuss how your selected health determinant relates to other health determinants.
o Discuss how your selected health determinant may affect the occurrences of communicable or
non-communicable diseases.
o Explore the strategies that have been adopted by the Government to combat the issues you
o Suggest some strategies to solve the issues raised.
• Conclusion:
o Provide a brief summary of content.
o Summarize the issues and the recommendations.
• Reference list:
 Students are required to support the discussion with relevant literature and use updated APA 6th edition
referencing style to cite the references for the individual project.
 Accurate in-text citation and APA referencing style in the reference list are required.
Qualities of a good essay should include:
• Demonstrate knowledge of the topic;
• Show logical flow of discussion;
• Present the content concisely;
• Use appropriate subheadings to present the assignment;
• Elaborate the discussion with the support of relevant literature;
• Show evidence of reading various sources of literature.
Submission of individual assignment
1. Each student will need to send a soft copy of the completed individual assignment to the course Turnitin
account and submit a hard copy of the individual assignment to a designated assignment box outside
room A820 on or before 5:00 pm on 7 May 2018 (Mon).
2. Assignment without cover page (with signed declaration) will not be graded by the teacher.
2nd Semester Summative Assessment
Rules and regulations:
1. Mark deduction
Marks will be deducted for late submission, i.e. 5% of total mark per day of late. The deduction is up to a
maximum of 100% of total mark of this group assignment. No submission of the work will score ZERO mark
for this piece of assessment.
2. Proper handle of assignment
Only assignment collected via A820 assignment box will be graded. In case of late submission, please hand
your assignment to A820 Ms. Rose Lam for record of late submission. Assignment handed in any other
methods e.g. drop to lecturer’s pigeon hole, hand to teacher directly or drop to teacher’s office etc. will not
be graded by the teacher and you be given a ZERO mark for this piece of assessment.
3. Proper number of assignment
Please only submit one assignment. In case of submitting more than one assignment, only the first one will
be graded. Marks will be deducted for extra assignment, i.e. 5% of total mark per extra number of
4. Academic Honesty and Plagiarism
Plagiarism is an unacceptable and undesirable practice. Serious attention is drawn to the policies of honesty
in academic work. Details can be found in the Student Handbook for CIHE Bachelor’s Degree Programme
2016-2017. Students are strongly reminded that the assignment must be your own work. Copying from other
people’s work and quoting of others’ ideas without proper citation and the use the APA referencing style (see
BN [Hon.] Programme Guidelines for APA Referencing [2016-2017]) will be penalized. A ZERO mark will
be given if the student(s) is/are found to have plagiarized.
5. Turnitin and cover page
The School uses plagiarism prevention and detection electronic system Turnitin to deter plagiarism. Student
shall submit their work via Turnitin for checking as required by the course teacher. The Turnitin system
compares the submitted work with existing publication as well as other student’s work. The detect function
of Turnitin can comprehensively check student’s work on plagiarism. Only the final version of assignment
shall be submitted for checking. The teacher only grade assignments that have been submitted via Turnitin.
Any assignment not submitted via Turnitin as specified will not be graded by the teacher. The teacher will
review the detection report generated from the Turnitin and decide whether plagiarism has occurred.
The class ID is 17542590 and the enrolment password is NUR2081718. Please do not include your cover
page for Turnitin submission.
6. Declaration of originality
Students should sign and include a cover page that declares their individual original work before submission
to A820 assignment box. Assignments without a cover page will be given a ZERO mark for this assignment.
2nd Semester Summative Assessment
Required format for this assignment
1. Your assignment should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized A4 paper (8.5″ x 11″) with 1″ margins
on all sides.
2. You should use 12 pt Times New Roman font for this assignment.
3. Include a page header (also known as the “running head”) at the top of every page. To create a page
header/running head, insert page numbers flush right. Then type “TITLE OF YOUR PAPER” in the header
flush left using all capital letters. The running head is a shortened version of your paper’s title and cannot
exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.
4. Please note that only on the title page, your page header/running head should include the words “Running
Head” before your title in all capitals. The rest of the pages should not include this in the page header.
5. Your assignment should include five major sections: the Cover Page, the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body,
and References.
6. Abstract’s word will not be counted.
Title Page
1. The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author’s name, and the institutional affiliation.
Include the page header (described above) flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the
2. The title of the paper should capture the main idea of the essay but should not contain abbreviations or
words that serve no purpose.
3. It should be centred on the page and typed in 12-point Times New Roman font. Do not underline, bold, or
italicize the title.
4. Your title may take up one or two lines but should not be more than 12 words in length.
5. All text on the title page should be double-spaced in the same way as the rest of your essay
6. Do not include any titles on the author’s name such as Dr. or Ms.
7. The institutional affiliation is your school’s name.
1. On the following page, begin with the Running title.
2. On the first line of the page, centre the word “Abstract” (but do not include quotation marks).
3. On the following line, write a summary of the key points of your assignment. Your abstract summary is a
way to introduce readers to your assignment topic, the questions that will be answered, the process you
took, and any findings or conclusions you drew.
4. This summary should not be indented, but should be double-spaced and less than 250 words.
2nd Semester Summative Assessment
The Body
1. On the following page, begin with the Body of the paper.
2. Start with the Running title.
3. On the next line write the title (do not bold, underline, or italicize the title).
4. Begin with the introduction. Indent.
5. Write your introduction section as suggested in above guideline.
6. Begin a new section for others content. Bold and centre all subtitle.
7. Begin a new section for the conclusion part. Bold and centre the subtitle “Conclusion”.
8. Make sure in-text citation available for every article/source mentioned in the paper or used in your
1. Write your references on a new page.
2. Centre and bold the title “References” (do not include quotation marks, underline, or italicize this title).
3. Alphabetize and Double-space all entries
4. Every article/source mentioned in the paper and used in your assignment should be referenced and have
an entry.
2nd Semester Summative Assessment
Caritas Institute of Higher Education
School of Health Sciences
Bachelor of Nursing (Honours) Programme
Cover Page of Assignment
Student Name(s)
Student ID(s)
Year/ Semester
Course Title
Course Code
Assignment Topic
Course Leader
Due Date
Declaration by student(s):
I/We* declare that the assignment here submitted is original except for source material explicitly
acknowledged, and that the same or related material has not been previously submitted for another
course. I/We* also acknowledge that I/We* am aware of Institute policy and regulations on
honesty in academic work, and of the disciplinary guidelines and procedures applicable to
breaches of such policy and regulations, as contained in the Student Handbook.
Student Signature(s)
Word counts

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