Research methods for criminal justice and criminology. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Using the textbook as a reference, thoroughly define the concepts of validity and reliability. Also, discuss how validity and reliability are related to causation in the social sciences. Write a two (2) to three (3) page essay (please adhere to this limit as strictly as possible) discussing the above mentioned concepts. Maxfield, M. G., & Babbie, E. R. (2018). Research methods for criminal justice and criminology. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning. (Book reference)