SOC-510: Global Social Problems and Sociological Theory Worksheet

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In an essay (750-1,000 words) on American social stratification system, cite four to six scholarly sources and address the following in your essay:
Stratification exists in every society and has both functions and consequences. Explain some of the functions and dysfunctions of stratification in the American social stratification system.
Describe the American social stratification system in regards to social classes.
Identify a social problem related to inequality in the U.S. class system. Describe how that social problem has progressed over time.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
This assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies:
3.1: Assess the functions and consequences of social stratification.
3.2: Analyze and describe the American social stratification system.
Attached are the teachers comments on a previous assignment. This teacher is VERY PETTY!!! They do not want to read opinions, only facts supported by citations properly quoted and cited. I attached the paper with their comments on the right side so that you can see exactly how they are expecting the work to be and look. The assignment attached i recieved 117/130 points. It is not bad, but trying to maintain an A
SOC-510: Global Social Problems and Sociological Theory Worksheet
Global social problems you may choose include: child labor; violence against women; terrorism; gender wage gap; equal access to education; hate crime; human rights; access to healthcare; and discrimination based on age, gender, ethnicity, or access to technology. If you wish to investigate an alternate global social problem, you must receive prior approval from your instructor.
Please note that the global social problem you choose for this assignment will be the same global social problem that you will be working with for subsequent assignments in this course. It is strongly suggested that you preview all the assignments in this course before making your choice of a global social problem.
In a response of 1,100-1,500 words, please address the following prompts:
Describe the chosen global social problem (50-75 words):
Access to education is a significant global social problem evident today. Many children especially in poor countries lack the opportunity to attend school and access the required learning resources. As a result, a great number of them have been placed on the periphery of the education structures which undermines their intellectual and social growth.
Explanation of a sociological theory (dependency theory, Marx’s conflict theory, modernization theory) and how that theory would explain the global social problem. (250-300 words):
Marxist conflict theory proposes that any society is grouped in to social classes that arise because of unequal access to factors of production. As such, members of the society are divided as either bourgeois (owners of production) or the proletariat who are the working class. The theory postulates that such social structure automatically creates class conflicts. This is so because the bourgeoisie aims to remain at the top of the social strata while proletariat interest is overthrowing the system to pave way for an egalitarian system. Nevertheless, it should be noted that social theorists that subscribe to conflict differ whether social class is solely determined by economic structures as put forward by Marx, and they cite that class conflicts can also be created by other social structures such as race and gender. Nonetheless, they concur that social class is rooted in structural models of the society.  It shows that social problems that are present in the society emanate from the faults evident in its structures, and they perpetuate inequality along class and other social dimensions.   Premised on this view, conflict theory promotes that rapid change is appropriate response to social problems(Elster, 1985).  This theory can be used to explain the issue of global access of education as that problem lies in the structural arrangement of a society. In other words, it discuss this particular issue as a purely a social structural problem and calls for significant changes to societal structures as the solution. Countries where access to education is a problem should introduce rapid social changes that have far-reaching impacts.
Three nations where this social problem exists:
South Africa
India
Australia
How does the problem contribute to inequality in the first nation? (200-250 words)
Poor access of education is linked to income inequality that is present in South Africa. Although South Africa has divergent racial groups, research shows that people at the lower social spectrum have limited opportunities in terms of education and vocational training. This is unfortunate situation because education is the main determinant factor in the country for getting meaningful employment. Specifically, employers usually hire workers based on education qualifications. Study that was done in the country indicates that individuals with post-secondary education stand a better chance in securing employment than those who have lower levels or secondary school qualifications. The same observation also shows that workers with higher qualifications are highly paid or earn better compensations. Owing to the fact that unemployment in South Africa is significant problem, many critics claim that the country needs to improve access to education especially for the poor or low income people. The issue of access to education not only prevents access to employment but also curtails the rise in job earnings. Categorically, people who have low levels education constantly face income stagnation. In this view, they are not given wage increment because they are considered as low skilled workers by employers (Branson et al., 2009)
How does the problem contribute to inequality in the second nation? (200-250 words)
Poor access of education also creates different forms of inequalities in Indian society. In India, there is signification level of inequality in terms of access of education and it has been cited as one of the causes of economic, social and political dynamics of the country. Particularly, poor access to education is associated with power imbalance in the country where the elite and highly educated have political leverage over the uneducated. Since they have intellectual abilities, they tend to use it to access and manipulate government policies for their own economic and social enhancement. In other words, they have the opportunity to participate in decision making and further their interest.  In this respect, poor access of education limits the power of the poor both politically and economically. The uneducated are perpetually sidelined from making political choices regardless that they are directly affected by the said decisions. Similarly, they cannot advance their economic interest because political power and economics are intertwined. Since the educated have high social, political and economic power relative to the uneducated, they are reluctant to initiate social changes because they understand that the status quo protects and promotes their interests. Therefore, the process of instituting change in the country is challenging especially for the uneducated. Change and transformation of country is often necessary because it leads to inclusivity and equal access to resources. However, in India, such objective is difficult because of unequal participation in social change processes (Chabba, 2013).
How does the problem contribute to inequality in the third nation? (200-250 words)
While Australia is proudly defined as one of the developed nations, the country still experiences problems of access of education. Report indicates that close to 17 percent of children who go through secondary education graduate without gaining basic skills. The report further concludes that under-performance is a major impediment in achieving meaningful training and education for young Australians thus it recommends an increase of funding for the education system. Similarly, social inequality also contributed to this disparity. This trend is evident more along racial and ethnic divisions. The majority population of Australia are whites and they economically and socially empowered in comparison to other minority groups such as the indigenous communities. As such, wealthy people can afford better education facilities relative to the low income groups. Unemployment and low income are some of the inequalities associated with poor access of education in Australia. The sad reality is that, the problem not only affects the present generation but also threatens the future generation. An observation done in the country shows that children who are born to parents have poor education outcomes. This findings are linked to poverty and social conditions outside learning institutions. Therefore, Australian authorities should institute necessary social changes to check this problem otherwise the inequalities will persist (Perry, 2018).
Identify and discuss any current global strategies being implemented that attempt to address the social problem and analyze their effectiveness. (200-250 words)
Technological-based learning is one the approaches fronted as a global solution for the issue of access of education.  Proponents of this approach argue that technology can cut down costs because it can be used for teaching and management of education of programs. With technology, fewer teachers are required and it can serve many learners at the same time. Likewise, when technology is deployed in learning, it can be used to record and measure improvement which is an important strategy for enhancing learning outcomes. This ensures that learners get desired goals. Technology also opens opportunities in terms of learning material. Specifically, use of computers and the internet allows wider number of people to access e-books and online classes which aids and expands access of education. The internet and use of computers can also minimize the need of physical libraries and structures for keeping learning material. Technology is also effective in the sense that it offers practical skills that are relevant in the contemporary times. Access to education is not just measured in terms of attending school but also gaining appropriate knowledge needed for personal and career development. Globally, technology has been used to achieve this goal thereby addressing the issue of access of education.
References:
Branson, N, Leibbrandt, M. & Zuze, T. (2009). The demand for tertiary education in South Africa.  Final report to the Centre for Higher Education Transformation.
Chabba, A.(2013). Education Inequality in India. Retrieved July 16, 2018 from https://en.reset.org/blog/education-inequality-india
Perry, L.(Apr. 20, 2018). To Reduce Inequality in Australian Schools, Make Them Less Socially Segregated. Retrieved July 16, 2018 from http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-20/inequality-in-australian-schools-ses-resources-poverty-ceda/9679028
Bokova, I. (2014). UNESCO Education Strategy 2014-2021. Retrieved July 16, 2018 from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0023/002312/231288e.pdf
Elster, J.(1985) Making Sense of Marx. Cambridge University Press.
SOC-510
Global Social Problems and Sociological Theory Worksheet
Scoring Guide
REQUIREMENTS:
Correctly explains chosen global social problem based on chosen sociological theory. Includes sufficient references to support answer. POSSIBLE
20 ACTUAL
22
Identifies three nations where the social problem exists. 5 5
Provides a concise and strong answer to: How does the problem contribute to inequality in the first nation? Includes sufficient references to support answer. 25 22
Provides a concise and strong answer to: How does the problem contribute to inequality in the second nation? Includes sufficient references to support answer. 25 21
Provides a concise and strong answer to: How does the problem contribute to inequality in the third nation? Includes sufficient references to support answer. 25 22
Clearly and concisely identifies and discusses any current global strategies being implemented that attempt to address the social problem. Provides a strong analysis of the effectiveness of these strategies, including sufficient references to support answer. 20 16
A minimum of three appropriate and relevant academic sources are used. 5 5
Solid academic writing and correct use of APA formatting where appropriate. 5 4
TOTAL 130 117
Instructor Comments: Tunisia, this is good work throughout. What is missing is documentation. You need more of that to support your claims. There are comments embedded above. Overall, good work.

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