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y Thursday, April 26 you will submit a paper analyzing a particular theme related to juvenile justice. You are expected to critically analyze and evaluate a juvenile justice or juvenile justice-related topic covered in the textbook. Guidelines and rubric will be posted on D2L soon. The thematic analysis paper will be about 6-8 pages. The paper is worth 16% of your overall course grade.
Avoiding plagiarism: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01
Information on APA format is available at: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
And the basics of APA tutorial (excellent!): http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx
An abstract is not necessary for this short writing assignment)
Approximately 6-8 double-spaced typed pages with 1-inch margins and 12-point Times New Roman font. (bibliography and title page not included in the page length). 16 percent of overall grade.
The research question. You need a specific research question relating to some aspect of juvenile justice which will need prior approval by your instructor..
TITLE and INTRODUCTION – discuss what the paper will be about, a brief summary of what topics you cover, what questions you address, what the policy issue is, what the research question is, what the purpose is, the significance of your paper and the aim of the paper; set the foundation. Approx ½ page.
Here, you need to:
1. Clearly articulate the purpose and significance;
2. Briefly describe the nature and scope of the problem;
3. Clearly articulate the research/policy question relevant to the description of the problem; and
5. Outline the “plan” of the remainder of the paper.
ALL the above must be included in your introduction.
REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE – About 3-4 pages. You must use AT LEAST 6 academic/peer-reviewed journal articles. Go into greater detail of what is known about your research topic. In doing so, you should point out what is not known to give credence to why your paper is unique, different and/or important.
What is known in the literature on your topic. Generally, there are two sections to the literature review:
1. Historical, Legal and/or Theoretical Context–this is where you include the contextual basis for your research. To what extent does your topic have a history, legal past and/or theoretical context? This section relates to the “past” of your topic. What have people said about the issues in relation to your topic?
2. Review of Programs and/or Policies and/or Legislation–this is where you review what other types of programs, policies and/or legislation exist regarding your topic. In essence, what have other people done and what have these studies found? HOW and what methods did people use in studying your topic? Here you need to outline the results of previous empirical research. Discuss gaps in existing research.
Be sure to adequately address your research/policy question that you presented
in the introduction.
This section should end with a summation of what you have just reviewed which leads nicely into the next section.
CRITICAL/CREATIVE ANALYSIS/POLICY IMPLICATIONS – About 3 pages. –here, your voice and critical/creative analysis/reasoning based on your literature review needs to come to life; if you found, for example, problems of prosecuting online child pornography, what are the implications from this taking a social justice, criminal justice, public policy or legal perspective? You also need to be realistic. If you suggest awareness programs, how might these be implemented? If you suggest changing laws or policies, how would you go about doing this? How would you get people interested? How would you get policymakers or neighborhoods to buy into the proposed programs or changes and actually participate or have a stake in them? For this section, you might identify and summarize the key problems and issues. You can use other people’s assessments or your interviewee’s remarks of what the key issues are (be sure to cite them) and/or you can think of your own. Also, what other problems are present because of or in relation to your topic? You should identify and discuss the constraints and opportunities presenting by the problems you have outlined. Which problems are susceptible to change, treatment, intervention or prevention? What constraints are in place that would make any solution impossible or improbable? Second, identify competing policy/program/legal choices. What are the various options you have in dealing with the problems you have identified? What problems might be presented by adopting a particular solution? What benefits might be realized? What might the “future” of your topic look like? What needs to be done (realistically) to tackle the problem? What can you/we do?
SINCE EVERYTHING IS ABOUT (lack of) MONEY and resources, please do not include this as part of your analysis. Be creative, realistic and logical.
DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION – About ½ page. Sum it all up. Also include significance and limitations. Wrap up your literature review, arguments, perspectives and policy implications from what you have just found in your research; restate the original research purpose/question/problem and the relevancy and applicability of the topic. You essentially need to state once again what you did and why it was significant. In short, give a very short thumbnail sketch of what was just written. You should also state which policy/program/legal option(s) you would pursue to help solve the problems you have outlined and why. Whereas the introduction moves from broad to narrow, the conclusion moves from narrow to broad.
BIBLIOGRAPHY – Only those cited should be included. Minimum of 6 peer-reviewed journal articles.
With the exception of your introduction, each section needs a heading (i.e., literature review; critical analysis; conclusion; bibliography).
You will be evaluated accordingly:
1. Literature Review (25 points)
2. Critical Analysis/Policy (25 points)
3. Introduction and conclusion (10 points)
4. Writing Style–grammar, organization, sentence structure, style, spelling, transitions (20 points)
5. Citations–citations throughout the paper, correct format of citations, selection of sources (10 points)
6. Bibliography–alphabetized references, at least 6 references, at least 6 scholarly journal articles (10 points)
DO NOT DEVIATE FROM THESE ABSOLUTE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS.
You must use at least 6 different references for this paper. You are welcome to use more than 6. ALL must be academic/professional/scholarly journal articles. Some examples of such appropriate academic/professional journals are: Criminology, Criminology and Public Policy, Crime and Delinquency, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Justice Quarterly, Social Justice, Journal of Criminal Justice, Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology, Social Problems, Qualitative Sociology, Juvenile and Family Court Journal, Youth and Society, Adolescence, Journal of Early Adolescence, Child Abuse and Neglect, , The Prison Journal, Journal of Crime and Justice, Social Services Review, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Violence Against Women, Gender and Society, Signs, Women and Criminal Justice, Sex Roles, Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Violence and Victims, Women & Therapy, International Journal of Women’s Studies, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Psychology of Women Quarterly, Civil Rights Journal, Ethnic and Racial Studies, and Journal of Family Violence just to name a few.
These are the types of references that DO NOT COUNT as one of your three scholarly sources: Websites, Corrections Today, Police Chief, Government Technology, Atlanta Journal Constitution, US News and World Report, Newsweek, Time, New York Times or any other local/national newspaper or “non professional” journal. If you are not sure about the reference being an academic journal, please do not hesitate to ask your instructor for clarification.
What is the difference between a scholarly journal and a popular magazine?
You must absolutely CITE your sources throughout the duration of your paper! Each reference in your bibliography must be cited at least once in your paper. You must cite all references correctly and include a bibliography of cited works. Use APA format. If you are unsure of how to cite, please refer to
And the basics of APA tutorial (excellent!): http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx
When you quote someone, please put it in quotations followed by the author(s), year and page number. If you paraphrase a thought or idea of the author(s), just cite the author and year. For example,
According to Johnson (2014:134), “family therapy is essential where the perpetrator’s victim or victims live in the family home and there is a goal of eventual reconciliation with the molester.”
Johnson (2014) suggests that family therapy is integral for victim-perpetrator reconciliation within the home.
Proper grammar, sentence structure, style and organization are ESSENTIAL for this paper. You will need to run a spell check and a grammar check on your paper before turning it in.
DR. PETERSEN’S HINTS FOR PROPER WRITING:
Write your paper as if you are writing to an audience of 12th graders.
When proofreading/editing your paper, read it out loud. If it does not make sense when you say it, it does not make sense to me or anyone else.
Write clearly and concisely. Make your points and move on. Expand when something is unclear without B.S.’ing.
Run a spell check and a grammar check!!
Be sure to spell out ALL contractions, as this is a formal paper.
Do not use the following: always, never, effect, explain, fact, feel, juvenile crime (unless it is directly alluded to in a quote or unless you really mean it).
Do not begin a sentence with “and”, “or”, or “but.”
Do not use “I”, “we”, “they,” “our,” “you” or “your” unless it is directly alluded to in the literature OR if it is an opinion that you are stating about your research. These can be used in the policy implications section but be sure to define who you mean by “we” if you use it. They should not be used in the literature review section. You may use “I” toward the beginning of your paper when discussing the flow/direction of your paper and you may use “I” toward the end of your paper when stating conclusions of your research topic and public policy implications. However, use these sparingly.
Be sure to start a paragraph when a new thought is introduced and do not use one-sentence paragraphs. Be careful of transitions and fragments/run-ons.
Do not end a paragraph with a quote. Always give some type of explanation afterwards.
Avoid LONG paragraphs and long quotes. Break up the paragraphs when a new thought is introduced. Avoid being “comma happy” or “comma deprived.”
Do not use “I feel”. Substitute with believe, suggest, argue, recommend, contend, think, etc.
Do not use “like.” Substitute with such as, for example, to illustrate, etc.
Be sure you are correct with the spelling of your words in the correct context, i.e., their, there, they’re (but you should not be using contractions anyway). It’s does not equal its (but you should not be using contractions anyway). Your does not equal you’re (but you should not be using contractions anyway).
Watch verb tenses! They should be fairly consistent in the same in the paragraph.
If you list, make sure you examine each of the topics you just listed. Do not just write them there without any explanation as this is futile.
ALWAYS be gender neutral unless you are referring to a specific gender: S/he; him/her.
Avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism involves (but is not limited to):
Failure to acknowledge the sources of information which is neither common nor personal knowledge. When in doubt, cite it out!
Failure to place another’s direct words in quotation marks or to indent in the case of longer quotations. If a passage is copied in the exact words of the original text, it must be placed in quotation marks in addition to citation of the source.
Failure to document a source that has been paraphrased. When using information from a source, put the ideas into your own words and then clearly document the source. Not putting the idea into your own words would mean you would have a direct quotation.
If you need assistance with anything, please do not hesitate to ask. As always, I am available to assist you with this paper if you have any questions or problems. I strongly encourage you to get started immediately on this paper if you have not already! Remember, it is worth 16% of your grade and should not be taken lightly or put-off until the last minute.