What is the significance of the landmark court cases Brown v. Mississippi (1936) and Miranda v. Arizona (1966) as they relate to police interrogations?
Do you think a waiver of Miranda can be done intelligently without an attorney present?
Skolnick and Leo (1992) identifies a typology of interrogatory deception (see Box 5.1 on page 75 and text on pages 76-80).
Which of these practices do you find most problematic/troubling? Why?
Which do you find to be least problematic/troubling? Why?
Describe and contrast Herbert Packer’s Crime Control and Due Process models.
How would each of these models view the use of deception during police interrogations?
From your perspective, what is the most compelling reason to permit interrogatory deception?
What is the most compelling reason to prohibit it?
After reading the “Reliability of Behavior Analysis” section on pages 82- 87, discuss potential consequences stemming from police use of deception in interrogations.
It has been said that “the acceptability of deception seems to vary inversely with the level of the criminal process”
What do you think this means?
Where do you draw the line on the use of deception in the Criminal Justice process? In other words, at what stage of the CJS process (interrogation, trial, etc.) do you feel that the use of deception becomes unethical.
What is the slippery slope argument and how does it tie into police use of interrogatory deception?
1.You’ve been given the task of developing a police code of ethics for a local police department. What do you consider to be the five most important elements that should be included in this code of ethics? List, describe, and justify each element. (Your response should be based on your opinion of the most important elements for a police code of ethics.)
2.How do the authors of this chapter define police discretion?
a.How does this definition tie into the notion of ethical dilemmas?
b.Do you think that restricting police discretion would result in less police misconduct/corruption? Why or why not?
3.Pages 95-104 discussed various types of ethical dilemmas including issues related to discretion, duty, honesty, loyalty, and gratuities.
a.Which category of dilemma would be the hardest for you personally to resolve? Why?
b.Which category of dilemma would be the easiest for you personally to resolve? Why?
4.How do you view gratuities for police officers?
a.Is it ever ethical for an officer to accept a gratuity? Why/why not?
b.How can gratuities relate to the “slippery slope argument” discussed in the previous chapter?
5.In relation to police loyalty, it has been said that “… it is important to distinguish between reporting on a fellow officer because he did something wrong and telling the truth is the right thing to do and coming forward …to avoid being disciplined.” Analyze this statement from the Kantian (Deontological) and Utilitarian perspectives that were discussed at the beginning of the