If I were to perform a study with a Qualitative Research Design, I would undertake exploratory or descriptive research. When the purpose is to get a thorough understanding of a specific phenomenon, examine complicated topics, or produce hypotheses for future inquiry, qualitative research is very helpful. This type of research design is well-suited for situations where the researcher seeks to delve into the intricacies of human experiences, behaviors, and perspectives.
In a qualitative research project, I would use methods such as in-depth interviews, focus groups, participant observation, content analysis, or open-ended questionnaires to collect data. These methods are designed to capture rich and nuanced information from participants and provide insights into their experiences, beliefs, and attitudes. Each of these strategies has distinct benefits, and the methodology I choose will be determined by the study topic and the type of data I intend to collect.
When selecting a sample for a qualitative research study, I would use purposeful or non-probability sampling techniques. Selecting participants for purposeful sampling entails using established criteria that are pertinent to the research subject. It is crucial to remember that sample sizes in qualitative research are frequently lower than in quantitative research since the focus is more on the richness and depth of the data than on the capacity to be applied to a wider population (Creswell & Poth, 2017).
Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2017). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches
Qualitative data involves requesting in depth answers from the participants of a study. Qualitative data strives to stray away from the numerical aspect of data collection, and instead centers around the insights that participants have on a topic. Due to this fact, qualitative data provides a much more extensive look into the emotions and inferences that participants may have on a topic. This grants researchers much more material to support their theories.
If I were to conduct a study using qualitative research, I would apply the semi-structured interview path of research. An article by the National Library of Medicine states that semi-structured interviews are those in-depth interviews where the respondents have to answer preset open-ended questions and thus are widely employed by different healthcare professionals in their research (Jamshed, 2014). Open-ended questions are especially advantageous in a qualitative research considering that they stimulate participants to answer based on their feelings and knowledge of the topic, which is exactly what is being examined in a qualitative-style research. It would be a convenient and practical way to conduct a study.
In addition, the approach that I would take to conduct the semi-structured interview is the purposive sampling technique. An article by scribbr states that this sampling method relies on the researcher’s judgment when identifying and selecting the individuals, cases, or events that can provide the best information to achieve the study’s objectives (Nikolopoulou, 2023). This permits researchers to select a group of participants that are very knowledgeable about a topic, which will provide them with a more refined and well informed answer. Furthermore, it allows the researcher to compare the group they chose with other groups more efficiently.
Jamshed, S. (2014). Semi-structured, narrative, and in-depth interviewing, focus groups, action research, participant observation. Semi-structured, narrative, and in-depth interviewing, focus groups, action research, participant observation | Health Knowledge. https://www.healthknowledge.org.uk/public-health-t…
Nikolopoulou, K. (2023). What is purposive sampling?: Definition & examples. Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/purposive-samp…